Praying to and Honoring the Shaheed of Badr | About Islam
Home > Ask About Islam > Praying to and Honoring the Shaheed of Badr

Praying to and Honoring the Shaheed of Badr

Questioner

Mohammed Anas

Reply Date

Jun 11, 2019

Question

Assalamualaikum, Hope you are doing well, May allah bless you and your family, and reward you with best in this life and the afterlife, ameen.my name is anas, and i am from kerala, india. I am facing a serious trouble, and as you are a knowledged man, i seek information regarding this topic.Well, i have researched a lot about this on the internet, unfortunately couldn't find any information.And to my surprise i have seen this only in india.The thing is, I have seen my grandparents ,imams, and other islamiccaly knowledged people in my village calling upon the Shaheed of Badr, In kerala they Say "Badreengal". When i asked them, how can we ask to the shaheed of badr (badreengal) when allah is the one and only that we can ask help from, they tell me that They are asking to Allah that help them with so and so, "with the barakah of Shaheed of badr". But due to this, many people, especially in kerala, instead of saying " Ya allah" or "Ya Rab" at times of hardship, uses " Oh shaheed of badr" in kerala language they say "Badreengale". Also, "Thangal" is the word used for those who are of prophet muhammed (pbuh) lineage, People when faces hardship goes to them and seek help, some people ask them to pray for them to allah, but some people think they have powers, and same as calling upon the shaheed of badr at times of hardships, some people says "Ya" name of so and so thangal(family of prophet muhammed (pbuh).Also there are rituals performed yearly for Shaheed of badr. By reciting the 313 shaheeds name and some dua's , they believe that the shaheed of badr will be present there at that event.When i get any sickness or illness they tell me, you got this because you are ignorant to shaheed of badr and i dissaprove their facts.For me, they are among who allah blessed, but do they have the power help us? As in surat- fathiha, what i learned is that to worship allah alone and ask from allah alone.Please help me with this matter, please provide me with all the information you know regarding this matter.Allah knows the best. Thanks

Consultant

Answer


Badr

Short Answer: There is nothing in Islam which suggests that living people can “summon” the souls of the dead. In fact, all the references which we have to souls coming to the world after having left it, are in the form of dreams. None of these accounts are Sahih. Dreams can be of three types: true, based on reality; untrue, the devil’s handiwork; or a mixture of both. To say you fall ill because you are ignorant to shaheed of Badr and disprove their facts is not correct. The whole understanding of falling ill in Islam appears to be completely misunderstood. Falling ill is considered partial expiation for one’s sins.

………….

Thank you for this question. Some people do hold this approach so let us look into it.  You say, “They tell me that They are asking to Allah that help them with so and so, “with the barakah of Shaheed of badr”. In Islam actions are according to intentions, so the intention should be correct.

All Muslims believe Allah is sufficient unto Himself, He doesn’t need anyone’s “barakah”. However, it is permissible to refer to an event in this world as an example of Allah’s Might and Power. It doesn’t add anything to what Allah can do. It is after all, only one reference when there are innumerable instances

Further, as you point out, some people don’t mention Allah and, of course, this is not acceptable in Islam. It would be preferable to concentrate on Allah and ALWAYS to mention Him, anything else is really unnecessary and may lead to shirk.    

Allah tells us in the Quran:

“And when My servants ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, Indeed I am near, I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me (by obedience) and believe in Me that they might be rightly guided.” [Qur’an 2:186]

Here, Allah is saying to call on Him direct. In many places in the Qur’an, in response to a request, Muhammad pbuh is told: “Say! (O Muhammad) …….”  Yet, in contrast, here there is no instruction to the Prophet pbuh, only “I am near.” Could there be a better or more direct invitation to approach Allah?  

In every rakaat of every prayer we say, iyyaka na’abudu wa iyyaka nasta’in  meaning: only You we worship, and only You we ask for help…” Here we are actually calling on Allah Alone. This has to be understood and it has to be said sincerely from the heart.

You see, in the limit, Allah has given people the abilities that they have. No matter how you look at it, whatever a person does is because Allah gave them the ability to do it. So, under all circumstances the recognition and thanks are due to Allah.

Some people seem to believe that Allah has bestowed special favours on others and these people are then given an intermediary state to Allah. This is how the Makkans, at the time of the Prophet pbuh, viewed the Angels and idols.  The Arab idolaters would say,

“We do not worship them except to draw us nearer to Allah.” (Quran, 38:3)

They considered them as independent agents after divine bestowal, and they would say that everything they had was given to them by Allah. In many places the Qur’an refutes this, For example, Allah says,  

“Beside Allah, they worship those who can neither harm nor benefit them.” (Qur’an, 10:18), again,

“Those whom you worship beside Allah do not have power to give you provision. So seek provision with Allah and worship Him.” (29:17)…

Allah says in the Quran,

“Say, (O Muhammad), I only invoke my Lord and do not associate anyone with Him.

Say, indeed I do not possess for you the power of harm or right direction.” [72:20 – 21]

Similarly:

“Say, I hold not for myself (the power of) benefit or harm except what Allah has willed. ….” [7:188].

Here, even the Prophet pbuh, the best of Allah’s creation, and who was present at the Battle of Badr is saying he has no power. Can there be any reason to consider others?

Unfortunately, cultural values have come into the practice of Islam in some areas and, with respect; these seem to follow the pattern “We found our forefathers doing it…” The Quran admonishes such action and asks believers to use reason and seek guidance..

But when they are told, “Follow what God has bestowed from on high,” some answer, “Nay, we shall follow [only] that which we found our forefathers believing in and doing.” Why, even if their forefathers did not use their reason at all, and were devoid of all guidance?[2:170] 

To pray to other than Allah is the biggest sin a Muslim can do. It is shirk – the one sin Allah will not forgive.

There is nothing in Islam which suggests that living people can “summon” the souls of the dead. In fact, all the references which we have to souls coming to the world after having left it, are in the form of dreams. None of these accounts are Sahih. Dreams can be of three types: true, based on reality; untrue, the devil’s handiwork; or a mixture of both. There is no way of knowing, as even those based on reality may not be a true dream. We are told if we  see Prophet Muhammad pbuh in a dream it is a true dream as the devil cannot impersonate him; and the dreams of prophets are true. That is all we know.

It is worth noting that with no evidence to the contrary, a hasan hadith may be accepted. However, when there is evidence from the Quran and from other ahadith the hasan hadith cannot stand against that evidence.

To say you fall ill because you are ignorant to shaheed of Badr and disprove their facts is not correct. The whole understanding of falling ill in Islam appears to be completely misunderstood. Falling ill is considered partial expiation for one’s sins.

I visited Allah’s Apostle while he was suffering from a high fever. I touched him with my hand and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You have a high fever.” Allah’s Apostle said, “Yes, I have as much fever as two men of you have.” I said, “Is it because you will get a double reward?” Allah’s Apostle said, “Yes, no Muslim is afflicted with harm because of sickness or some other inconvenience, but that Allah will remove his sins for him as a tree sheds its leaves.” [Bukhari]

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri r.a. reported that the Prophet said:

Whenever a Muslim is afflicted with a hardship, sickness, sadness, worry, harm, or depression –even a thorn’s prick, Allah expiates his sins because of it. [Bukhari and Muslim]

“Expect good, because Allah (s.w.t.) makes a believer’s sickness expiation (for his sins) and a period of repose. As for a disbeliever falling sick, he is like a camel whose owner ties it and then lets it loose –it does not understand why it was tied, or why it was freed.” [Recorded by Bukhari in al-Adab ul-Mufrad]

In summary, based on the Islamic concept of illness and sin, the whole thinking of the people you mention does not concur with Islam. They obviously mean well, but appear to be seriously misguided. May Allah show them the truth of Islam and fill their hearts with love for Him, Prophet Muhammad and for Islam, Amin.

And Allah knows best.

I hope this helps.

Salam and please keep in touch.

Please continue feeding your curiosity, and find more info in the following links:

Why Shirk is So Serious

Help! I’m Afraid of Jinn and Black Magic! What Can I Do?

2 Strange Superstitions Practiced by Muslims




About Daud Matthews

Daud Matthews was born in 1938, he embraced Islam in 1970, and got married in Pakistan in 1973.

Matthews studied physics and subsequently achieved Chartered Engineer, Fellow of both the British Computer Society and the Institute of Management.He was working initially in physics research labs, he then moved to computer management in 1971. He lived and worked in Saudi Arabia from 1974 to 1997 first with the University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran,and then with King Saud University in Riyadh. He's been involved in da'wah since 1986.

Add Comment


find out more!