Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Allah Almighty has bestowed us with some blessed times from which are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. So, every Muslim should seize this golden opportunity to draw himself closer to Allah Almighty.
In his response to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states,
The first ten days and nights of Dhul-Hijjah are considered some of the blessed days in Islam.
Let us refer to the sources to discern what is unique about these days/nights:
1- Allah has made an oath by these nights in order to stress their significance. We read in surat Al-Fajr, “By the dawn and the ten nights.” (Al-Fajr: 89:1-2)
According to the vast majority of mufassirin (commentators of the Qur’an), the expression ‘last ten nights’ refers to the ten days and nights of Dhul-Hijjah.
2- The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “There are no other days good deeds are the most beloved in the sight of Allah than those done in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah….” (Al-Bukhari)
It is, therefore, important for us to consider these days as auspicious occasion for excelling in virtuous deeds, according to the best our abilities. To list some of these activities meriting great blessings and rewards:
- Performing voluntary acts of worship; Allah Almighty says (in a qudsi Hadith), “My servant shall continue to come closer and closer to me by performing the supererogatory acts of worship until I love him and when I love him, I become his ears with which he hears, his eyes with which he sees…. then when he calls upon Me, I will answer his prayers…”
- The optional acts of worship mentioned above can include any good including offering extra nawafilor optional prayers, charities, honoring and serving one’s parents, fostering ties of kinship, rendering acts of kindness to neighbors, fellow Muslims and fellow human beings, helping those in distress, visiting the sick, taking care of the orphans, and the poor, etc.
In fact, good deeds in Islam can embrace any and every act that is beneficial to human beings or the creation of Allah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “The best of mankind is the one who is most helpful to God’s creatures.”
- Fasting in these days merits greater rewards; fasting on the day of `Arafah is even more highly recommended. The Prophet said, “Fasting the day of `Arafah, I sincerely, hope it would expiate the sins committed in the previous year as well as the one that follows it.” (At-Termidhi)
- Last but not least, this is the most auspicious time to seek repentance, make istighfarand establish constancy in dhikr.
In conclusion, it behooves every Muslim to come closer to Allah by utilizing the most auspicious occasion of these blessed days and nights.
Allah Almighty knows best.