Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Answering your question, the Fatwa Center at Islam Q and A, states:
It is recommended to stay in the mosque after Fajr prayer until the sun rises, because this is what the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions did, and because there is great reward in that.
Imam Muslim narrated from Jabir ibn Samurah that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) had prayed Fajr, he would sit in his prayer place until the sun had risen properly.
Imam Muslim also narrated that Sammak ibn Harb said: I said to Jabir ibn Samurah: Did you sit with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)? He said: Yes, frequently. He would not get up from the place in which he had prayed Fajr until the sun had risen, and when the sun had risen he would get up. They used to chat and talk about matters of the Jahiliyah, and they would laugh but he smiled.
Al-Tirmidhi narrated that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever prays Fajr in congregation then sits remembering Allah until the sun rises, then prays two rakahs, will have a reward like that of Hajj and `Umrah.” He said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “In full, in full, in full.”
In general, if a person stays in the mosque to remember Allah (dhikr) and worship Him, or waiting for the prayer, all of these are good deeds and acts of worship that bring one closer to Allah.
Imam Al-Bukhari and Imam Muslim narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The angels send blessings upon one of you so long as he is in his prayer-place where he offered his prayer, so long as he does not break his wudu’; they say: ‘O Allah forgive him, O Allah have mercy on him.’”
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.