What Are the Essential Pillars of Hajj and Umrah?

20 July, 2018
Q I have intended to go for Hajj this year, inshaa' Allah. My mother, who is weak and ill, will be accompanying me and she may not be able to perform every act during Hajj. We are going to perform Umrah first and then Hajj (Hajj Tamatu`). Could you, please, explain the most necessary (mandatory acts) of each, Umrah and Hajj, so she could perform only those to fulfill all the obligations? Thanks.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Answering your question, Sheikh Kifah Mustapha, the Imam and Director of The Prayer Center of Orland Park and representative for Dar El Fatwa of Lebanon in the US, states:

For those performing Hajj Tamatu` the following rituals are the basics:

For Umrah: assuming for Tamatu’ you will be arriving to Makkah before the eighth of Dhul-Hijjah, hence you have to:

1- Enter the status of ihram for Umrah from the Miqat.

2- Do tawaf around the Kabah seven times.

3- Do sa`i between Safa and Marwah seven times.

4- Cut hair.

You will finish the status of ihram done for Umrah, wait for the eighth of Dhul-Hijjah and from your place in Makkah you should do the following:

1- 8 Dhul-Hijjah: Enter the status of ihram again for Hajj.

2- 8 Dhul-Hijjah: Head toward Mina to sleep.

3- 9 Dhul-Hijjah: Depart from Mina toward Arafah.

4- 9 Dhul-Hijjah: Stay in Arafah till after Maghrib.

5- 9 Dhul-Hijjah: Depart after Maghrib toward Muzdalifah.

6- 9/10 Dhul-Hijjah: Pray Maghrib and Isha combining prayer and shortening it in Muzdalifah. Pick up pebbles and sleep in Muzdalifah. “Elderly can leave after midnight”.

7- 10 Dhul-Hijjah: Depart from Muzdalifah back to Mina and:

1- Throw 7 pebbles at Jamra Kubra.

2- Cut hair.

3- Slaughter Hady (Qurbani). (Usually done by paying money to someone else to do it.)

4- Back to Makkah perform tawaf and sa`i (ifadah).

8- 10 Dhul-Hijjah: Back to tents to sleep in Mina.

9- 11 Dhul-Hijjah: Throw pebbles 21 at Jamarat (7 at each). Also sleep in Mina.

10- 12 Dhul-Hijjah: Throw pebbles 21 at Jamarat (7 at each). Also sleep in Mina.

11- 13 Dhul-Hijjah: Choice of ending Hajj (ta`ajjul) or stay one more night with another 21 pebbles and sleeping in Mina.

13- Back to Makkah performing Tawaf Al-Wada (farewell tawaf).

 Almighty Allah knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.

About Sheikh Kifah Mustapha
Sheikh Kifah Mustapha is the Imam and Director of The Prayer Center of Orland Park and representative for Dar El Fatwa of Lebanon in the US