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Miscarriage and Local Superstitions: Any Relation?

15 May, 2022
Q As-salamu `alaykum. My sister recently had a miscarriage after having a successful pregnancy before. To cut it short, I would like to tell you that they call it pachama in Punjabi and it means a reflection of something on one’s body and that is why one miscarries. Could you please tell me whether this is an innovation (bid`ah) or not?


Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

In this fatwa:

One of the basic aims of the Islamic Shariah is to free human beings from harmful, burdensome customs and superstitions. Ascribing a miscarriage to some local superstitions is an innovation that is unacceptable in Islam.

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In her response to your question, Dr. Zeinab Al-`Alawani, instructor of fiqh and Islamic studies, Graduate School of Islamic and Social Sciences, Leesburg, Virginia, states:

First of all, I would like to remind you of Allah’s saying, {Allah knows what every female bears, and that of which the wombs fall short of completion and that in which they increase; and there is a measure with Him of everything.} (Ar-Ra`d 13:8)

Allah explains in this verse that He is the One Who knows about everything that is related to pregnancy. There are natural laws related to this process and it depends on certain medical reasons that cause the miscarriage. There is no such thing as jinn that can cause miscarriage—this is all superstition.

The idea of blaming jinn or something else is a wrong methodology in understanding the Quranic teachings. Your sister needs to consult a specialized doctor about her case and then ask Allah for good health and a successful pregnancy.

Allah Almighty knows best.

About Zeinab Al-`Alawani
Dr. Zainab Alwani is the Founding Director of the Islamic Studies program at Howard University School of Divinity (HUSD). She is the Associate Professor of Islamic Studies and the chair of the Religious Studies Master of Arts program at HUSD. She is an Islamic scholar, researcher and community activist. Dr. Alwani is also the first female jurist to serve on the board of the Fiqh Council of North America and currently serves as the Council’s Vice-Chair. She is a member and a board member of various national organizations including, Muslim Women Lawyers for Human Rights KARAMAH, and the American Academy of Religion. Dr. Alwani is currently serving as the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Islamic Faith and Practice. Her research focuses on Quranic studies, Islamic jurisprudence, the relationship between civil and religious law in the area of family, women and gender, and inter-religious relations.