Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
- The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are an opportunity for every Muslim to get abundant rewards.
- A Muslim should seize this opportunity and come near to Allah through fasting, giving charities, reciting the Quran, and making dhikr.
- If a Muslim intends to sacrifice an animal on the day of Eid Al-Adha, then it is an act of the sunnah not to cut one’s nails or trim one’s hair.
In his response to your question, Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Shah, member of the Executive Committee of the Fiqh Council of North America and the Religious Director of the Islamic Society of Milwaukee, stated:
Imam Malik, Imam Ahmad, and Imam Shafi`i (in one of his opinions) strictly follow this hadith and forbid cutting the nails or trimming hair during the first 10 days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah.
The Hanafi School declares it as a confirmed sunnah that a Muslim holds off cutting the nails and trimming hair. But it is permissible to do so after sacrificing the animal, so that the hair and the nails are counted as good deeds) along with the hair of the sacrificial animal.
It is not forbidden to cut the hair or the nails; but it is recommended to avoid it so that one can achieve additional rewards for good deeds.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.