Thank you for contacting About Islam with your question.
Shaykh Faraz Rabbani from SeekersHub addresses this question in the video below:
Yes, this is a common question.
The position of the overwhelming majority of Islamic scholarship is that yes, if ‘Eid falls on a Jumu’ah, you have two duties that day: you have the duty of ‘Eid prayer, and you have the duty of Jumu’ah prayer.
And one duty is not lifted by others. And the Friday prayers are the most emphasized of responsibilities.
There are some texts that would appear possibly to indicate that. However, they’re understood in context. It’s a very simple context: that if Jum’uah is not obligatory on people who live in villages…
Now, the people who lived around Medina would also come for ‘Eid, even though those who are living outside Medina who are not part of the city of Medina.
They did not perform Jumu’ah, but they came for the ‘Eid prayer. But then they returned back to these outlying areas.
So they were exempt from Jumu’ah prayer. They did ‘Eid. They came with the Muslims…They used to gather on the outskirts of Medina in… the gathering place of ‘Eid, but then they went back to their families.
So those texts apply to them. They don’t apply to someone who is resident… and this is a position of the overwhelming majority of Islamic scholarship and it’s what the what basic religious reasoning would entail: that one duty does not lift another.
[…] So, don’t miss Friday prayer on ‘Eid day if it falls on Friday.
[…] Be aware of where you take religious answers from. It’s a basic principle.
We have four schools of Islamic law. We accept the soundness and validity of all of them and the soundness and validity of following any of them on any given situation, as long as one does so soundly.
But you should be wary of people who promote opinions that go outside these established opinions, particularly when people are calling to something that is contrary, also, to what would obviously be religiously better.
Is it better to pray? Even if you have a choice, is it better to pray perform Friday prayer or not? It’s obvious! Even if it weren’t obligatory, it’s better to pray Friday prayer than not to.
Beware of opinions that go against caution. Is it more cautious to pray Friday prayer or not? It’s more cautious, so be careful about things like that.
I hope this helps answer your question. You can also check out more from SeekersHub at the link here.
Walaikum Asalam. Please keep in touch.