Prophet’s Hadiths on Eclipses

eclipse-iconVolume 2, Book 18, Number 161:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abbas: The sun eclipsed in the life-time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) . Allah’s Apostle offered the eclipse prayer and stood for a long period equal to the period in which one could recite Surat-al-Baqara. Then he bowed for a long time and then stood up for a long period which was shorter than that of the first standing, then bowed again for a long time but for a shorter period than the first; then he prostrated (twice) and then stood up for a long period which was shorter than that of the first standing; then he bowed for a long time which was shorter than the previous one, and then he raised his head and stood up for a long period which was shorter than the first standing, then he bowed for a long time which was shorter than the first bowing, and then prostrated (twice) and finished the prayer. By then, the sun (eclipse) had cleared.

The Prophet then said, “The sun and the moon are two of the signs of Allah. They eclipse neither because of the death of somebody nor because of his life (i.e. birth). So when you see them, remember Allah.”

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The people say, “O Allah’s Apostle! We saw you taking something from your place and then we saw you retreating.”

The Prophet replied, “I saw Paradise and stretched my hands towards a bunch (of its fruits) and had I taken it, you would have eaten from it as long as the world remains. I also saw the Hell-fire and I had never seen such a horrible sight. I saw that most of the inhabitants were women.”

The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why is it so?”

The Prophet replied, “Because of their ungratefulness.” It was asked whether they are ungrateful to Allah.

The Prophet said, “They are ungrateful to their companions of life (husbands) and ungrateful to good deeds. If you are benevolent to one of them throughout the life and if she sees anything (undesirable) in you, she will say, ‘I have never had any good from you.’ “

eclipse-iconVolume 2, Book 18, Number 162:

Narrated Fatima bint Al-Mundhir: Asma’ bint Al Bakr said, “I came to ‘Aisha the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) during the solar eclipse. The people were standing and offering the prayer and she was also praying too.

I asked her, ‘What has happened to the people?’ She pointed out with her hand towards the sky and said, ‘Subhan-Allah‘.

I said, ‘Is there a sign?’ She pointed out in the affirmative.”

Asma’ further said, “I too then stood up for the prayer till I fainted and then poured water on my head.

When Allah’s Apostle had finished his prayer, he thanked and praised Allah and said, ‘I have seen at this place of mine what I have never seen even Paradise and Hell. No doubt, it has been inspired to me that you will be put to trial in the graves like or nearly like (I do not know which one of the two Asma’ said.) the trial of (Masih) Ad-Dajjal. (The angels) will come to everyone of you and will ask what do you know about this man (i.e. Muhammad). The believer or a firm believer (I do not know which word Asma’ said) will reply, ‘He is Muhammad, Allah’s Apostle (peace and blessings be upon him) who came to us with clear evidences and guidance, so we accepted his teachings, believed and followed him.’ The angels will then say to him, ‘Sleep peacefully as we knew surely that you were a firm believer.’ The hypocrite or doubtful person (I do not know which word Asma’ said) will say, ‘I do not know. I heard the people saying something so I said it (the same).’ “

eclipse-iconVolume 2, Book 18, Number 163:

Narrated Asma: No doubt the Prophet ordered people to manumit slaves during the solar eclipse.

eclipse-iconVolume 2, Book 18, Number 164:

Narrated ‘Amra bint ‘AbdurRahman: A Jewess came to ‘Aisha to ask her about something and then she said, “May Allah give you refuge from the punishment of the grave.”

So ‘Aisha asked Allah’s Apostle, “Would the people be punished in their graves?” Allah’s Apostle asked Allah’s refuge from the punishment of the grave (indicating an affirmative reply).

Then one day Allah’s Apostle rode (to leave for some place) but the sun eclipsed. He returned on the forenoon and passed through the rear of the dwellings (of his wives) and stood up and started offering the (eclipse) prayer and the people stood behind him.

He stood for a long period and then performed a long bowing and then stood straight for a long period which was shorter than that of the first standing, then he performed a prolonged bowing which was shorter than the first bowing, then he raised his head and prostrated for a long time and then stood up (for the second Raka) for a long while, but the standing was shorter than the standing of the first Raka. Then he performed a prolonged bowing which was shorter than that of the first one. He then stood up for a long time but shorter than the first, then again performed a long bowing which was shorter than the first and then prostrated for a shorter while than that of the first prostration. Then he finished the prayer and delivered the sermon and) said what Allah wished; and ordered the people to seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave.

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