In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
1- Muslim men and women should epitomize the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in their daily lives.
2- Muslim women can celebrate the Prophet’s birthday by increasing dhikr and offering salutations upon the Prophet (peace be upon him), gathering Muslim ladies and educating them about the manners of the Prophet as well as by studying the Prophet’s seerah.
Responding to the question, Zainab Al-`Alwani, Instructor of fiqh and Islamic studies, Graduate School of Islamic and Social Sciences, Leesburg, Virginia, states:
Celebrating the Prophet’s birthday is neither a Sunnah nor an obligation. However, people have got used to expressing their love for the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a moderate way on his birthday. If your intention is as such, then I may suggest some activities to do on that day.
Things to do on Prophet Muhammad’s birthday
2- Gather Muslim ladies and educate them about the best manners of the Prophet (peace be upon him), how he was a role model for the whole mankind, how he treated women, etc.
3- Study the seerah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) with your family and choose certain incidents that relate to the present time.
While doing all these activities, you should never think they are Sunnah, but always entertain the feeling that you are remembering the greatest legacy the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) left behind and you are showing your love for him.
Things to avoid on Prophet Muhammad’s birthday
1- Any kind of innovation or exaggerating in expressing the love of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
2- Any song that would describe the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) with some shirk concepts.
3- Any violations to his Sunnah or teachings.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.