Wa `alaykum as-salamu wa bahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
1- It is not permissible for an unmarried woman extract her eggs. Also, a studying couple can resort to safe ways of contraception other than this debatable means.
2- It is allowable for a married woman suffering from medical problems to use this method.
Extracting eggs from an unmarried woman
The World Council of Muslim Jurists ruled that it is not permissible to extract eggs from an unmarried woman to use it after marriage. They allow fertilization only when both the egg and sperm are taken from the married couple while they are still in valid marriage.
In the scenario, you described, since the woman is still single, fertilization is not allowed.
It is permissible for men and women who are studying to resort to safe methods of contraception. So, there is no need for them to resort to this questionable method.
Since the procedure may involve risks or abuses and the possibility of mixing and interfering with the lineage, it is not permissible, according to the scholars.
As for the third scenario, it would be permissible only when they are still in a valid marriage and when there are proper safeguards in place to preempt any abuse.
The above ruling is in conformity with the principle of sadd adh-dhara’i` (closing the doors to the forbidden.)
I pray that Allah keeps us content with what He has permitted.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.