Hajj on Behalf of Others: What Are The Requirements?
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Hajj on Behalf of Others: What Are The Requirements?

Questioner

Hamadah

Reply Date

Jul 23, 2019

Question

As-Salamu alaykum. What are the conditions of making hajj on behalf of others?

Mufti

Answer


Hajj on Behalf of Others: What Are The Requirements?

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.


In this fatwa:

1- A person can do hajj on behalf of another who is suffering from a terminal illness and hopes for no recovery, or an individual who is too old to travel, or someone who has passed away without having had the chance to do it.

2- A person who is performing Hajj on behalf of someone else must have performed Hajj on his behalf first. 


Answering your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:

Hajj is an obligatory duty on anyone who can do it physically and financially. So, if a person has the ability, no one else can do it on his behalf.

As Imam Ibn al-Mundhir states: “There is a virtual consensus among scholars that no one can do Hajj for another person who can perform it by himself.”

Hajj on Behalf of Others

Therefore, a person can do hajj on behalf of another who is suffering from a terminal illness and hopes for no recovery, or an individual who is too old to travel, or someone who has passed away without having had the chance to do it.

Furthermore, ideally, according to all the scholars, a person who is performing Hajj on behalf of someone else must have performed Hajj on his behalf first.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told someone who was intending to perform Hajj in the name of another relative that he should do so for himself first and then perform Hajj another time on behalf of the other person.

Almighty Allah knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.




About Sheikh Ahmad Kutty

Sheikh Ahmad Kutty is a Senior Lecturer and an Islamic Scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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