Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan Al-Battani Al-Harrani, known in the West as Albategnius, is considered the greatest astronomer of his time and one of the greatest during the Middle Ages. Al-Battani was born around 858 C.E. in Battan, a state of Harran, and was first educated by his father Jabir Ibn San’an Al-Battani, …More
David W. Tschanz
David W. Tschanz is a medical/military historian based in KSA. He is also an epidemiologist, web developer, computer systems engineer, editor and demographer.
Abu Nasr Mohammad Ibn al-Farakh Al-Farabi was born to a noble family in the small village of Wasij, in the province of Farab in Turkestan, in 872 AD (259 AH). His works included several rich commentaries on Aristotle’s physics, meteorology, and logic – in addition to a large number of books on several other subjects …More
Abu Zayd Hunayn bin Ishaq al Ibadi ranks as the finest medical and scientific mind of the early Abassid era. Born in 809 to an apothecary in Al Hirah, Hunayn went to Baghdad to study medicine as a young man. There he enrolled in the earliest known private medical school in Islam under the direction …More
The word “alchemy” brings to mind images of pseudo-scientists huddling over bowls of liquids, mixing strange potions and dabbling in the occult. However, the true goal of alchemy was nothing less than the transmutation of the “base” (i.e., more reactive) metals into gold. Alchemists also sought a single cure for all diseases and a way …More
In every generation and among every nation, there are a few individuals with the desire to study the workings of nature; if they did not exist, those nations would perish. So wrote Abu ‘Uthman ‘Amr ibn Bakr al-Kinani al-Fuqaimi al-Basri, better known as al-Jahiz – the Goggle-Eyed – in his magnum opus, the Book of Animals. Al-Jahiz himself …More
Few people have not heard of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, but the fame of his poetry in the West has only existed since 1839, when Edward Fitzgerald published an English translation of Khayyam’s Rubaiyat (“Quatrains”).More