What is the Punishment for someone who leaves Islam after studying Philosophy and Science to become an atheist?
In the Nam of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-giving.
All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.
An atheist cannot be Muslim. Atheism drives one out of fold of Islam and turns him to be an apostate. Allah says what means “And whoever among you should turn away from his religion, then die while he is a disbeliever- the (good) works of (the likes of) these are (rendered utterly) futile (with Allah)- in this world and in the Hereafter- and these are the Companions of the Fire (of Hell). They shall abide therein forever.” (Al0Baqarah 2:217)
According to Islamic Shariah, an apostate should be discussed by Muslim scholars to remove any possible misconception or misunderstanding about Islamic faith.
If he insists on apostasy, the Muslim authority has to apply the penalty prescribed for this crime as mentioned in the Prophetic statement “Whoever changes his religion kill him.” (Al-Bukhari) It is not for Muslim individuals to apply such penalties for fear of chaos and turbulence in the society.
Almighty Allah Knows best.
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