Wa alaykum assalam warahmatullah
In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-giving
All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.
In principle, men and women are equal as human beings. They are responsible before their Creator and will be held accountable on the Day of Judgment. Each one will be rewarded or punished according to his/her deeds.
We read in the Quran “Whoever does righteous deeds, whether male or female, and is a believer, We shall, most surely, cause him to live a good life. Moreover, We shall, most surely, recompense [all of] them with their reward, [in accordance] with the very best they ever did.” [16:97]
The best in the sight of Allah is the most righteous. Gender makes no difference in this regard.
The Quran declares “O humankind! Indeed, We have created [all of] you from a [single] male and female. Moreover, We have made you peoples and tribes, so that you may [come to] know one another. And, indeed, the noblest of you, in the sight of God, is the most God-fearing of you.” [49:13]
However, Islam is the religion of justice and equity. It has prescribed rights and duties of men and women in accordance with justice. But justice does not necessitate absolute equality.
When there are significant differences between two persons, or even two things, and you treat them equally, you simply do injustice. Differences between men and women are indisputable.
The All-Wise Creator fashioned men and women with such physical and psychological differences that enable each gender to perform the prescribed role in this world in the best way.
If we understand this Islamic philosophy, it will become easy for us to understand the Islamic unique perspective to gender issues.
For detailed answers about your questions and even more, you may refer to a fatwa session dedicated to women issues in the link below:
Almighty Allah knows best.
Views expressed by hosts/guests on this program (live dialogue, Facebook sessions, etc.) are their own and their appearance on the program does not imply an endorsement of them or any entity they represent.