On Last Ten Days and Zakat al-Fitr (Fatwa Session)

Dear Brothers/Sisters,

 

Thank you very much for joining us in this Live Fatwa session. We would like also to thank our guest, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, for answering the questions directed to him. You will find the answers of your questions below.

Wednesday, May. 29, 2019 | 09:00 - 11:00 Makkah | 06:00 - 08:00 GMT

Session is over.

Assalamu alaikum sir, my question seems strange, but I can't resist my curiosity. It seems to me that, men gets more advantage from marriage at the expense of women. So I need to know true Islamic perspective of marriage. Does marriage benefits men more than it benefits women according to Islam ? Or marriage benefits both men & women in equal amount? Is it true that men have less burden in marriage & women have more burden in marriage? I'm eagerly waiting for authentic & fair answer cause I'm sorry to inform that I'm already spiritually traumatised due to unfair judgement about women & wives by both layman & scholars (of course not all) & I am already fed up knowing of women's being in miserable state in marriage & her taking more burden in marriage while at same time married men are more relaxed at the expense of his wife 's ovearall wellbeing & life satisfaction. As a result I literally fear marriage as a woman. So, I hope you don't judge me. Thank you.



Marriage - About Islam

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

 

I commend you for raising this important question. Your question is justified if we were to consider the experience of Muslim women in many communities today. However, I would not confuse it as due to the sound teachings of Islam; instead, we ought to treat it as due to a misogynic mindset among Muslims, including many scholars and leaders.

 

Islam cannot be blamed for such misinterpretations. Even a casual reader of the Quran would be impressed by gender equality explicitly stated in the Qur’an: Here are three verses:

 

“And thus does their Sustainer answer their prayer: “I shall not lose sight of the labour of any of you who labours [in My way], be it man or woman: each of you is an issue of the other. Muhammad Asad comments on this verse: I.e., “you all are members of one and the same human race, and therefore equal to one another”. (Aal `Imran 3:195 )

 

“Whereas anyone – be it man or woman – who does [whatever he can] of good deeds and is a believer withal, shall enter paradise, and shall not be wronged by as much as [would fill] the groove of a date-stone.” (An-Nisaa’ 4: 124)

 

And here is another verse, making it crystal clear:

 

VERILY, for all men and women who have sur­rendered themselves unto God, and all believing men and believing women, and all truly devout men and truly devout women, and all men and women who are true to their word, and all men and women who are patient in adversity, and all men and women who humble themselves [before God], and all men and women who give in charity, and all self-denying men and self-denying women,  and all men and women who are mindful of their chastity, and all men and women who remember God unceasingly: for [all of] them has God readied forgiveness of sins and a mighty reward.” (Al-Ahzab 33: 35)

 

Finally, the Quran makes it abundantly clear that believing men and women are equal partners and protecting friends of one another and that they ought to stand up as witnesses of truth and justice together as a single body:

 

“As for the believing males and females, they are partners and protecting friends of one another: Together, they shall enjoin what is right and forbid the doing of what is wrong.” (At-tawbah  9:71)

 

Having said this, I should also mention another important point: The fact that men and women are equal in the sight of Allah does not mean that their roles in life are identical. Islam considers the role of a mother as the noblest of all spiritual states. That is why the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Paradise lies at the feet of your mother.” When someone asked the Prophet, peace be upon him, who deserves the kindest treatment, he replied, your mother, and when the person asked the question three times, he said, your mother and only on the fourth time, he said, your father.

 

In conclusion, it is imperative that we Muslims restore women to the place of honor and dignity bestowed on her by the Creator and thus end all discriminatory practices against them. Only when we do so, that we can take the necessary step towards lifting the community out of the sorry state of backwardness we steeped.  There is no liberation for us unless we liberate women who are the better half of humankind.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Can women do itikaf?



Can women do itikaf? - About Islam

It is permissible for women to do I’tikaf in the mosque —provided they have special arrangements for them to do so. Most of the mosques in the city, however, do not have adequate facilities for women. Sadly enough we find women often being relegated to a dark room or crowded corner, which is indeed a disgrace to womanhood. It is undoubtedly against the teachings of our beloved Prophet, peace be upon him, as he always ordered us to treat them with respect and dignity.

So until proper arrangements are made for women to observe the Sunnah of itikaf in the mosque, it is best that they do it in their own homes. For as scholars and jurists such as Imam Abu Hanifah have ruled women may perform the Sunnah of itikaf in their own musalla (Prayer-place) at home.

Women, however, need not despair; they may do well to recall an important point raised by Imam Shah Waliullah in his study of the philosophy of Shari’ah. He says,

 

“The Shari`ah is based on a fine principle of compensation which allows a person who cannot do a certain act of worship to reap the same rewards by doing what he or she can possibly do according to his/her circumstances or means. This is because of the fact that the Shari`ah is based on the infinite mercy of Allah who dispenses His graces freely to all of His servants.”

 

Almighty Allah knows best.

 


Is it necessary to pray Eid al-Fitr prayer?



Is it necessary to pray Eid al-Fitr prayer? - About Islam

Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others report on the authority of Umm Atiyyah: ‘The Prophet, peace be upon him, ordered us to take out with us to the place of Eid Prayer everyone including women who are menstruating as well as those who are isolating themselves with the only exception that those who are menstruating should stay away from Prayer. However, all of them should be witnessing the great (celebration) and participate with fellow Muslims.” (At-Tabarani)

 

Although there are various views among scholars in regards to the specific status of Eid prayer, some say it is obligatory on every individual, others saying it is a mandatory duty imposed on the collective body of Muslims and some others view that it is strongly recommended.

 

However, the fact that the Prophet, peace be upon him, ordered everyone, including women with valid reasons to skip the Prayer shows the importance of Eid prayer.

 

It is clear from the above report of Umm Atiyyah since it is a celebration of the community of believers, every Muslim should consider it as his or her duty to attend it – unless one is prevented by unavoidable or inexcusable circumstances beyond his or her control.
Almighty Allah knows best.

 


What should I do in laylat la-qadr?



What should I do in laylat la-qadr? - About Islam

Laylat al-Qadr may fall in any of the last ten nights of Ramadan. It is the most blessed night, and in the words of the Qur’an, it is more superior than a thousand months.

 

Moreover, the Prophet said, “Whoever spends the night of Qadr in prayer with faith and seeking the rewards from Allah, all of their sins will be forgiven.” (Ibn Hibban)

 

Aishah, the beloved wife of the Prophet, peace be upon him said, “When the last ten nights of Ramadan approached the Prophet, peace be upon him, would tighten his belt to perform extra acts of worship and also awaken his family to do the same.” (Ibn Hibban)

 

He also advised us to seek the night of Qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadan.

 

Now coming to specific duties that we can perform while seeking the night of Qadr, let me list the following:

Offering extra voluntary prayers is one of the great deeds to consider:

 

You may pray as many numbers of rak` ah in two’s and two’s but you should pray witr at the end; if you did pray witr earlier, you don’t need to repeat it.

 

There is no specific number of rak’ ahs of prayer to attain the blessings of the night of Qadr.

Therefore, you are free to choose to pray as many rak`ahs; however, ideally, it would be best to pray eight rak`ahs on top of taraweeh.

 

If you are a busy person, you may pray what you can afford to Allah.

 

Allah is All-Merciful; He rewards each person according to his energy, stamina, and specific circumstances. So, never despair of the mercy of Allah and pray as best as you can, while topping it up with dhikr istighfar and supplications, and offer charities or even other virtuous deeds you can afford.

 

Here is a special du’a that the Prophet, peace be upon him, told his wife Aishah:

 

Allaahumma innaka afuwwun tuhibbu al-‘afwa fa’fu annee (O Allah, You are the Forgiving and You love to forgive, so forgive me.”

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


How much is zakat al-fitr?



How much is zakat al-fitr? - About Islam

Zakat al-Fitr entails providing for a full meal for the day of Eid. As the standards vary from country to country, one should follow the rule set by the scholars in every country.

 

So, it would be best if you considered the ruling of the eminent scholars of Bangladesh in observing this essential religious duty.

 

You should know that since you are part of the community of believers, you should not do so individually according to your desire or opinion.

 

Having said this, however, let me also point out another advice of Imam Ibn Taymiyyah: “while following the standard of the country, it is still better to offer more than the standard especially if one is well to do and can afford to do so, for even as he would be celebrating.”

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Asalamualaikum... I have a question regarding fasting. My question is a friend of mine who started fasting in Turkey is traveling to India by end of the Ramadan. Since the Middle Eastern Countries are one day ahead of the South East Asian countries, how will he manage if he reaches there and the Ramadan will be of 30 days there and he will have to fast for 31 days..... Wasalaam..



Fasting in Ramadan - About Islam

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

 

In answering your question, I cannot do any better than quoting from one of my earlier answers to a similar question:

 

“If you start fasting one day earlier in one country and end up in another country for ‘eid al-fitr, where they start a day or two late, then you do not fast, but simply observe ‘Eid with them. You are not allowed to eat and drink in public in order to observe the sanctity of Ramadhan.

 

Having said this, I must add, the above answer only applies if you have already completed 30 days of fasting. Otherwise, you should fast with them.

 

The above ruling is based on the tradition reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Fast with the people; break your fast with the people, and celebrate sacrifice with the people.” (Reported by Tirmidhi on the authority of Abu Hurayrah). Commenting on this tradition, Imam Ibn Taymiyyah states: “Based on this, a person traveling from one country where they started the fast earlier to another country where they started late, should follow the latter in the ‘Eid celebration. For such matters are not left to individuals to decide on their own; rather one should do so with the community.

 

This is also in conformity with the general principles of Islam, which counsel Muslims to foster a sense of unity and brotherhood. The Prophet said, “Hold firmly to the community; for a wolf preys easily on the stray sheep.” (Quoted by Nawawi in al-Majmu’)

 

Almighty Allah knows best.