Does the Quran Specifically Refer to the Five Daily Prayers?
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Does the Quran Specifically Refer to the Five Daily Prayers?

Questioner

Sarah

Reply Date

Aug 24, 2019

Question

As-Salamu `alaykum. Please let me know if the Quran instructs us to offer prayer five times a day, and where. A cousin of mine says that the Quran instructs us to offer prayers only three times a day.

Mufti

Answer


Does the Quran Specifically Refer to the Five Daily Prayers?

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger. 


In this fatwa:

The number of prayers are not mentioned in the Quran, but they are mentioned in the hadiths of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).


In his response to your question, Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi, former President of the Islamic Society of North America, states: 

In the Quran, Allah, Most High, has given us some specific times of prayers, but He did not mention the number. It is not said anywhere in the Qur’an that one must pray five times or three times.

The Quran mentions that the prayer is prescribed for the believers at specific times (An-Nisaa’ 4:103).

Allah says,

{Establish regular prayers at the sun’s decline till the darkness of the night, and (the recital of) the Quran at dawn. Lo! (the recital of) the Quran at dawn is ever witnessed. And some part of the night awake for it, a largess for thee. It may be that thy Lord will raise thee to a praised estate.} (Al-Israa’ 17:78-79)

The time of “the sun’s decline” (duluk ash-shams) is interpreted as Zhuhr, Asr and Maghrib. The “darkness of the night” (ghasaq al-layl) is interpreted as Isha prayer. And “the recital of the Quran at dawn ” (Qur’an al-fajr) is Fajr prayer.

Allah also says,
{Therefore be patient with what they say, and celebrate (constantly) the praises of thy Lord, before the rising of the sun, and before its setting; yea, celebrate them for part of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day: that thou mayest have (spiritual) joy.} (Taha 20:130)

{So (give) glory to Allah, when you reach eventide and when you rise in the morning. Yea, to Him be praise, in the heavens and on earth; and in the late afternoon and when the day begins to decline.} (Ar-Rum 30:17-18)

The number of prayers are not mentioned in the Quran, but they are mentioned in the hadiths of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

The Prophet under the guidance of Allah told us when to pray, how many times to pray and how to pray. He gave us five times of prayers. He told us that Allah has prescribed for us five prayers every day.

There are hundreds of hadiths on this subject. The whole Ummah is unanimous and has a consensus (ijma) that five prayers are obligatory.

Anyone who denies this, or says that the obligatory prayers are less than five or more than five, that person is not a Muslim.

Almighty Allah knows best. 

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.




About Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi is the Chairman of the Fiqh Council of North America

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