Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
2- Muslim scholars unanimously agree on this. So, it is not permissible for a preacher to abandon duaa in his speech except by mistake or forgetfulness.
In responding to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states;
Virtues of Friday
Jumuah is the weekly assembly of Muslims. It aims to foster a sense of community, renew their faith, and inspire them to come closer to Almighty Allah. It also calls Muslims to realize the Islamic ideals in their lives; individually and collectively.
Therefore, the Friday khutbah should have a focused message and should follow a requisite format and content.
All Muslims agree that a proper khutbah ideally consists of praising and glorification of Allah and sending blessings on the Prophet PBUH). The Khutbah consists also of advising people to remain conscious of Almighty Allah through admonition and reminders. At the end of the khutbah, the imam should make duaa for all Muslims.
Making Duaa on Friday
Some scholars consider all of the above-mentioned as essential aspects of a Friday khutbah. While others consider some of them as simply recommended. So even though a person may be excused for having left out duaa if he did so by mistake, he should not do so deliberately.
Most of the scholars belonging to both the Shafi`i and Hanbali schools consider duaa as an integral aspect of Friday khutbah. Imam An-Nawawi considers this to be the authentic view of the Shafi`i school.
It is worth remembering that Friday is the most blessed day of the week, and therefore it is doubly auspicious for dhikr and supplications.
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to pray for forgiveness for the believers every Friday during the khutbah. (At-Tabarani)
Abu Hurairah said, “Abul-Qasim (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “On Friday there is an hour when, if a Muslim happens to supplicate at that time and ask Allah for something good, He will give it to him.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Hence, it is no wonder to see that the Islamic Ummah throughout the centuries has been following the above format, and thus, they have always concluded the khutbah with duaa.
Based on these, it is, therefore, inadvisable for anyone to depart from this well-established practice of the Muslims. As Imam Ibn Taymiyyah and others have pointed out, a scholar must never allow himself to depart from practices that have been preferred by the majority of people based on his own personal preferences, and thus, creating doubts and disquiet in their minds, especially in matters of worship.
In conclusion, it is important that preachers make use of the opportunity of the Friday khutbah to offer supplications for Muslims and to never stop doing so by following isolated opinions or practices.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.