Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Answering your question, The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’in Saudi Arabia, states:
If the situation is as you have described, then it is permissible to stop the mechanical ventilator and circulatory support devices, provided that the heart is no longer beating and that the patient breathes only through these apparatuses. Since this means that the patient is dead and that the movement of the heart and respiration are due to the apparatuses and not to the fact that one is alive.
Yet doctors must ascertain of their death after removing the apparatuses and before declaring their death in order not to cause them the least harm.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.