Wa `alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Cauterization and other surgical interventions are to be deferred until other measures have been tried and found useless. However, they should be used when told.
Regarding your question, we consulted Dr. Hatem Al-Hajj, Dean of Shari`ah Academy of America, who is also a medical doctor, who stated,
The answer to your question is twofold:
First: the ruling of cauterization, and
Second: the ruling on hair removal via a surgical procedure.
Is cauterization haram in Islam
As for the ruling on cauterization, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said about the 70,000 persons of his Ummah who will be admitted to Paradise without reckoning, “They are those who do not ask for ruqyah, believe in omens, or use cauterization.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Many Arabs of that time used cauterization on a preventative basis. That was not sanctioned, because of the amount of pain suffered during the procedure and the lack of a solid proof on its benefit for such cases. There are also the following hadiths regarding cauterization:
- Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Healing is to be found in three: the instrument of the cupper, drinking honey, and cauterization with fire, but I forbid my Ummah to use cauterization.” (Al-Bukhari)
- Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) saying, ‘If there is anything good in your medicines, it is in the instrument of the cupper or drinking honey or cauterization with fire that suits the ailment, but I would not like to be cauterized.'” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
- Jabir also said, “Ubayy was struck by an arrow in his medial arm vein on the Day of Al-Ahzab, and the Prophet cauterized it.” (Muslim)
You may notice that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) recognized the benefits of cauterization; however, to reconcile between all the reports, we deduce that he simply disliked beginning with such invasive interventions.
In summary, cauterization and other surgical interventions are to be deferred until other measures have been tried and found useless. However, they should be used when told.
Ruling on hair removal via a surgical procedure
With regard to permanent or semi-permanent hair removal, the concern would be the change of Allah’s creation, which is prohibited.
In the following hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “May Allah curse the woman who does tattoos and the one who has a tattoo done, the woman who plucks eyebrows and the one who has her eyebrows plucked, and the women who file teeth for the purpose of beautification, thus changing the creation of Allah.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
These examples show us that the persons mentioned did something to noticeably change Allah’s creation, not simply to enhance their appearance and seek beautification. So, the changes here are unlike removing the body hair by a female, which is not prohibited.
Of the procedures you mentioned above, the second seems closer to cauterization, though they are somewhat different.
You need to verify the safety of the procedure you may undertake by consulting with one or more credible physicians. If an intervention is harmful and that harm is greater than that of the condition being treated, then it is disliked or haram, based on the degree of harm and the need for the intervention.
For more, see these fatwas:
Allah Almighty knows best.