Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Here are some of the mistakes that pilgrims make while in Mina:
- Some people do not recite the talbiyah out loud
- Some pilgrims go directly to Arafah and do not stay overnight in Mina.
- Some people shorten their prayers and join them in Mina.
In this regard, the late Saudi scholar, Sheikh Ibn `Uthaymeen, states:
This is contrary to the Sunnah and it is contrary to what the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) enjoined his Companions to do.
The Sunnah is for a person to recite the talbiyah out loud and to raise his voice if it is not difficult for him to do so. He should remember that nothing hears him, rock or soil, but it will bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection before Allah, may He be glorified and exalted.
2- Some pilgrims go directly to Arafah and do not stay overnight in Mina. Although this is permissible, because staying overnight in Mina before the day of Arafat is not obligatory, it is better for a person to follow the Sunnah. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) stopped in Mina from the forenoon on the eighth (of Dhul-Hijjah) until the sun rose on the ninth.
The Messenger of Allah did that and he said: “Learn from me your rituals (of Hajj).” (Muslim)
But if he comes to Arafah and did not stay overnight in Mina on the night before the ninth, there is nothing wrong with that. Urwah ibn al-Mudarras came to the Prophet at the time of Fajr prayer on the day of Eid in Muzdalifah and said: O Messenger of Allah, I have exhausted my mount and tired myself. By Allah, I have not left a single mountain but I have stood on it. Is my Hajj valid?
The Prophet said:
“Whoever prays this prayer with us and stands with us until we move on, and stood before that in Arafah by night or by day has completed his Hajj and fulfilled his duties.” (Abu Dawud)
The Messenger of Allah did not mention staying overnight in Mina on the night before the ninth. This indicates that it is not obligatory.
3- Some people shorten their prayers and join them in Mina, so they join Zhuhr and Asr, and Maghrib and Isha. This is contrary to the Sunnah.
Pilgrims in Mina should shorten their prayers without joining them. This is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him). Although joining prayers is permissible, because one is travelling and it is permissible for the traveler to join prayers whether he has halted or is on the move, it is preferable for the traveler who has halted not to join prayers unless that is for a reason, and there is no reason that would dictate joining prayers in Mina.
Hence the Messenger of Allah did not join his prayers in Mina but he did shorten the four-rakah prayers to two rakahs. So he prayed Zhuhr with two rakahs at its proper time, Asr with two rakahs at its proper time, Maghrib with three rakahs at its proper time, Isha with two rakahs at its proper time and Fajr at its proper time.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.