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How to Benefit from the Quran?

Ibn Al-Qayyim said in al-Fawa’id:
Allah the Exalted said:
{Verily, therein is indeed a reminder for him who has a heart or gives ear while he is heedful.} (Quran 50:37)
When you desire benefit from the Quran, then bring your heart together during its recitation, listen heedfully and have the presence of the one who is being addressed and spoken to, since it is a speech from Him, the Sublime, to you, upon the tongue of His Messenger, Muhammad (peace be upon him).
This is because the best and most complete effect is suspended between the following:
1. That which produces the required effect,
2. A place which receives this effect,
3. The condition which is necessary to receive such an effect and
4. The absence of that which prevents this effect from being obtained.
This verse has included all of the above with the most concise and clear of wording, which is most direct in expounding the intended meaning.
His speech: {Verily, therein is indeed a reminder…} is an indication of what has preceded from the beginning of Surah Qaaf to the present and this constitutes that which produces the desired effect.
And His speech: {…for him who has a heart…} this is the place which receives the effect and what is desired by it is: a living heart which understands from Allah, just as the Exalted has said:
{It is but a Reminder and a Manifest, Clear Qur’an, that he (Muhammad) may give warning to him who is alive (i.e. the healthy and live heart of the believer.)} (Quran 36:69-70)
And His speech: {…or who gives ear…} the one who directs his listening and the perceptive faculty of his hearing to what is being said to him, and this is the condition of benefiting and receiving the desired effect from the words (that one hears).
And His speech: {…while he is heedful} meaning his heart is present and witnessing, not absent and unmindful.
Ibn Qutaibah said:
“Listen to the Book of Allah, while your heart and understanding are present, not while you are unmindful and forgetful.”
And this is an indication of that which prevents the desired effect [from the Book of Allah] from being obtained and that is the forgetfulness and absence of the heart from understanding what is being said to it, looking at it with care and pondering slowly and carefully over it.
So when that which produces the effect and that is the Book of Allah; a place which receives the effect and that is the heart; the necessary condition, which is paying attention; the absence of that which prevents the effect and that is the hearts occupation and distraction away from the meaning of the speech and its turning way to something else are all present, then the effect will be obtained and realized and that is benefiting from the Quran and its remembrance.
Source: ibn-qayyim.blogspot.com