What is Fiqh of Heart? Is it a new type of fiqh?
When we talk about the teachings of Islam, we are inclined to focus on one aspect, that is, the apparent practical side, and ignore the other, equally or even more important, spiritual and ethical aspect.
That is why most of the questions addressed to scholars are related to the body movements and physical aspects: where to set hands while standing in prayers; how many rounds one should go during Tawaf; when to start and finish fasting, etc.
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Of course this physical aspect of worship is important but it is not the end of the story. Actions of the body cannot substitute the role to be played by one’s heart is no less significant.
The Quran and Sunnah highlight this aspect repeatedly when talking about different acts of worship. Prayers, Fasting, Zakah and Hajj should leave an impact on your character; acts of worship should make you a better person.
Otherwise, there is something wrong with your `ibadah, even if it is done in the most perfect manner.
Dr. Jasser Auda discusses this topic, which he calls Fiqh of the Heart, in this Khutbah.
Fiqh of the Heart discussion includes the following points:
– The questions not asked about worship.
– How Prayer and Hajj make you a better person.
– Why a wife used to avoid her husband during Ramadan?
– Transactions too have spiritual side.
– Ignore rituals and focus on heart only?