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Islam and Social Justice (Part 1)

[1] Wikipedia.

[2] Asfahani, Raghib. Al-Mufradat fi Gharib Al-Qur’an. Online version.

[3] Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice (revised edn, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), p. 3.

[4] Adapted from Wikipedia.

[5] Wikipedia.

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[6] Rawls (Ibid).

[7] Ibid.

[8]Social Justice in an Open World: The Role of the United Nations”, The International Forum for Social Development, DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS, Division for Social Policy and Development, ST/ESA/305, United Nations New York, 2006, P. 16,

[9] Ibid. P. 6.

[10] Ibid. P. 16.

[11] Ibid. P. 11-12.

[12] Plato, The Republic (ca 380BC).

[13] Rabinataj, S. A. and Azadboni, R. Mahdavi. Religion and Politics: Social Justice as the Quranic Aim. 2011 International Conference on Social Science and Humanity IPEDR vol. 5 (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore.

[14] Saint Paul, Ephesians, V 22 and VI, 1 to 5.

[15] Plato, Crito (ca 380 BC).

[16] Wikipedia

[17] Sparta: A city-state of ancient Greece in the southeast Peloponnesus. Settled by Dorian Greeks, it was noted for its militarism and reached the height of its power in the sixth century B.C. (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language).

[18] My emphasis!

[19] Jayaram, V. “The Hindu Caste System,”

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About Dr. Ali Al-Halawani
Dr. Ali Al-Halawani is Assistant Professor of Linguistics and Translation Studies. He is an author, translator, and writer based in Canada. To date, Al-Halawani authored over 400 original articles on Islam and Muslims, most of which can be accessed on and other famous websites. He has recently started to self-publish his articles and new books, which are available on Amazon and Kindle. You can reach him at [email protected].