Gone are those days when our 90s generation was used to have the suhur meal while it’s freezing and snowing outside.
We were raised during our first years of Ramadan to fast the holy month in cold weather.
Memories of praying the Taraweeh prayer at the mosque were always linked with shivering and wearing heavy coats.
The years passed gradually to find ourselves observing our holiest Islamic month in sweaty and hot conditions. The stories of grandma about fasting in summery and sunny days were a matter of no more than catchy stories. But by the passing time, the stories came true.
No more than seven or eight years ago, the North Hemisphere’s Muslims were used to perform the rituals of the holiest month of Ramadan in bearable weather conditions. This was the case for nearly three entire decades, since about 1987.
The majority of the one billion and a half Muslims, and most of the regions of the Islamic World that lie mostly in the North Hemisphere of Planet Earth were used to welcome a wintry month of Ramadan.
Is there a reason for this strange switching? Will Ramadan return again to be a winter month? Are they the seasons which are revolving, or is it Ramadan itself? Such questions twinkled to find a satisfactory answer.
Revolving of Ramadan Around Seasons
Starting from 2006-2007, Ramadan which is a month in a Lunar Calendar called the “Hijri Calendar,” began to coincide with hot weather in the North Hemisphere.
The holy month of Muslims started to overlap with “June Solstice”; this astronomical event which takes place annually to mark the peak of the South Hemisphere’s winter, and the peak of the summer season in the North Hemisphere.
Muslims use the Hijri Calendar for dating religious events and determining the proper days of religious rituals. Since the Hijri calendar is one of the Lunar Calendars, meaning that it depends on the Moon phases for time keeping, so normally its date calculations would be different from other systems of calendars like the Solar Calendars and Lunisolar Calendars which depend on other methods of calculations.
Because the Hijri Calendar is between 10 and 12 days shorter than the Gregorian Calendar which is used as an international civil year, the Hijri year begins 10 to 12 days earlier every Gregorian year.
Once every 33 or 34 Hijri years, (aka once every 32 or 33 Gregorian years), the beginning of the first month of the Hijri Calendar, -month of Muharram-; coincides with one of the first ten days of January. Subsequent Hijri New Years move backward through the Gregorian Calendar back to the beginning of January again, passing through each Gregorian month from December to January.
A Hijri year will be entirely within a Gregorian year of the same number in the year 20874, after which year the number of the Islamic year will always be greater than the number of the concurrent civil year. The Hijri year of 1429 occurred entirely within the civil calendar year of 2008. Such years occur once every 33 or 34 Hijri years (32 or 33 Gregorian years).
Furthermore, since the weather seasons on Earth depend on the Sun and its apparent position, but not the Moon. And since the Gregorian year is a Solar calendar that depends on the Sun for its date calculations, so we always find June marking the Summer Solstice.
This means that the month of June of the Solar Gregorian Calendar and the month of Ramadan of the Lunar Hijri Calendar overlap with each other every 32 to 34 years.
Based on this, Ramadan will return again to coincide with the winter of the North Hemisphere in nearly 2024 God willing.
And now till our holiest month returns again to coincide with our chilly season, let’s enjoy its blessings and benefit from its barakat; as Allah Almighty informed us in His Qudsi hadith: “Every good action is rewarded by ten times its kind, up to seven hundred times, except fasting, which is for Me, and I reward it.”(Narrated in the Sunan of Tirmidhi and the Muwatta of Imam Malik, from Abu Hurayra, with variants in Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasa`i and Ahmad).
So let’s hope and pray that fasting in such hard conditions will bring to us insha’Allah more blessings from Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the worlds.