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Miracles of the Prophets defines a miracle as an effect or extraordinary event in the physical world that surpasses all known human or natural powers and is ascribed to a supernatural cause.

Islam however attributes these extraordinary events to the power of Allah.  A miracle is an astonishing act that can only come about due to direct intervention from Allah Himself.  They are events brought about by, connected to, or performed by prophets.  Miracles are not magic, nor are they events bought about by righteous people.  Magic is by definition a trick or an illusion; whereas, the sometimes unexplained events brought about by learned righteous people are called karamat.

God sent prophets primarily to guide humankind.   They were humans of outstanding character that the people could emulate and look to for direction.   They were not gods, demi-gods or saints; they were human beings charged with a difficult task.   They at times possessed exceptional characteristics and qualities because they had to face unanticipated trials and tribulations in order to spread their message to worship Allah Alone.

In order to support His prophets Allah sometimes gave them extraordinary power.  The Arabic word for miracle is mu’jizah meaning something unique that cannot be resisted.  The miracles granted to the prophets were not only unique, they were  also pertinent and understandable to the people to whom they were sent.  When they saw a miracle they knew that it could not have been performed by an ordinary man.

In the time of Prophet Moses magic and sorcery were very common in the land of Egypt therefore Moses’ miracles, such as the staff turning into a serpent and his hand glowing, appealed to the people he was sent to guide.  Prophet Moses’ encounter with the magicians at Pharaoh’s court explains the difference between magic and miracles.  When the magicians whose serpents were a result of trickery and illusion (magic) saw Moses produce a real serpent they knew at once that it was a miracle.  That is why they fell down and prostrated to Allah despite knowing that Pharaoh would have them put to death.

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At the time of Jesus, the Israelites were very knowledgeable in the field of medicine thus  Prophet Jesus’ miracles included returning sight to the blind, healing lepers and raising the dead.

{And you heal those born blind and the lepers by My leave. And behold!  You bring forth the dead by My leave.} (Quran 5:10)

A miracle performed by Allah at the request of Prophet Jesus explains why Islam says that there are two types of miracles.  Jesus asked Allah to provide him and his disciples with a table of food.  This event is discussed in Surah 5 of the Quran entitled Al-Maidah (The Table Spread).  It is an example of a miracle performed at the request, or suggestion of the people, in order to test the truth of the message.

{Jesus, son of Mary!  Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?} (Quran 5:112)

 The disciples wanted to spread the message of Jesus by proclaiming the miracles they witnessed with their own eyes.  Another example of this type of miracle is when Prophet Saleh’s people requested he bring out from behind the mountain a she-camel and her offspring.

{We sent the she-camel to Thamud as a clear sign, but they did her wrong.} (Quran 17:59)

The second type of miracle occurs without suggestion.  It includes anything similar to what happened when the tree trunk cried and longed for Prophet Muhammad.   The Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad contains many other miracles such as water flowing from his (Prophet Muhammad’s) fingers and trees deliberating shading him.

Prophet (King) Solomon’s life was also filled with miracles and wonder.  His kingdom and his abilities were beyond the capabilities of a human thus clearly showing that God provided him with miracles that made him stand out among others and confirmed his nobility and prophethood.   His army consisted of battalions of men, jinn and birds.  He was able to communicate with both birds and ants.

Prophet Muhammad was the recipient of one of the most amazing miracles we have the privilege to know about.  After a very difficult year in which he lost both his uncle and his beloved first wife Khadijah, Prophet Muhammad was granted a major blessing and miracle that has become known as the Night Journey and Ascension.  It was a physical journey by night from the Holy Masjid in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa masjid in Jerusalem.  It culminated in his ascension from the heavens into the presence of God.

{Glorified be He Who took His slave on a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram to Masjid-al-Aqsa, the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him of Our signs.   Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.} (Quran 17:1)

In the 6th century, the Arabs, although primarily unlettered, were masters of the spoken word.   Their poetry and prose was eloquent and a model of literary excellence.  Even those who did not believe in Muhammad’s message knew the Quran was literature beyond compare.  Thus the Quran itself is considered to be a miracle.  Prophet Muhammad said, in an authentic hadith:

“Every Prophet was given miracles on account of which their people believed; but, I have been given divine revelation which Allah has revealed to me, and I am hopeful that my followers will outnumber the followers of other prophets on Resurrection Day.” (Al-Bukhari)

When Prophet Muhammad said this he was implying that the Quran should be considered a miracle.  One who reads the Quran finds that its contents, including scientific, prophetic and historical information, all contribute to Quran’s status as a miracle.  All prophets had miraculous aspects to their lives but because of his status as the last prophet, Prophet Muhammad’s dominant miracle, the Quran, is considered a living miracle.  The Quran’s challenge to produce a chapter (the shortest being just 3 lines) similar to it still stands today.


About Aisha Stacey
Aisha Stacey is the mother of three adult children. She embraced Islam in 2002 and spent the next five years in Doha, Qatar studying Islam and working at the Fanar Cultural Centre. In 2006 Aisha returned to university for a second time and completed at Bachelor of Arts and a Graduate Certificate in Writing. Aisha is also a published writer in both internet and print media and in 2009 -10 she was the Queensland editor at a national Australian Islamic newspaper ~ Crescent Times.