The grave of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is inside the Masjid al Nabawi in Madinah. Its dome is constructed in 1817 C.E. It was painted green under the control of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud in 1837 C.E.
It holds a significant importance for Muslims. People from all around the world come to pay their “Salam” to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). We believe that he listens to our Salam and respond back to us from his grave.
1- The Golden Grill
There is a golden grill which is the front side of the inner chamber room which holds the grave of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and two of his friends and first Caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab.
2- Aisha’s House
The Prophet (peace be upon him) was buried in Aisha’s house where he was staying at the time of his death. Our Prophet’s wives lived in small, simple houses next to the Masjid.
The houses of Aisha and Hafsa (may Allah be pleased with them) were located inside the Sacred Chamber and were much closer to each other. They used to talk with each other from their own houses.
3- The 3 Holes in the Grill
There are viewing holes through which the graves are not visible. The biggest hole on the left straightly faces the grave of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The middle hole faces the grave of Abu Bakr, and the right hole faces the grave of Umar.
4- The Walls Surrounding the Grave
The walls of the room are built of black stones and the roof has a small black dome called Qubbat an-Nur. The Chamber has no gate and it is totally sealed from the outside except a small window in the dome which is blocked by a golden grill in the front.
The walls were built by Umar bin Abdul Aziz in 91 AH so that no one may come inside the Chamber.
5- An Additional Wall Built
The Sultan Nuruddin Zengi built the chamber around the graves which was filled with molten lead because many disbelievers in the past tried to steal the body of Prophet (peace be upon him) by digging towards the graves from under the ground.
6- He was Buried in the Exact spot He Died
The grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was dug under the bed where he died because when He died, the people around said to put Him near the stage. Some of them said to put Him in Baqi’.
But Abu Bakr came and said that he heard the Prophet of Allah said that a Prophet was never buried elsewhere than the place where he expired.
Excerpted and modified from Islamic Landmarks.