When reciting the surahs in salah , can i say the the English meaning as well. For example: after saying
Alhamdulillahi Rabbil ‘aalameen , can i say the meaning ”All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds –” out loud?
or , after saying ‘Subhaana rabbiyal. azeem’ during bowing, can i say the meaning ‘Glory be to Allah who is my Lord, the Greatest.’ out loud?
also , i read a hadith , which said , during night prayer the Prophet(pbuh) used to interact with the ayah that he recited, if an ayah praised Allah SWT, he would say Subhan Allah, if it mentioned seeking refuge in Allah , he would seek refuge – So, can i interact with the ayah in English , for example, if an ayah talks about refuge , can I ask for refuge in English ?
and is this interaction with ayahs only limited to night prayers or can I do this in obligatory or sunnah prayer as well?
It is not forbidden to say the meanings in your mind without articulating the sounds. There is nothing wrong if one is offering supplications in one’s language after reading the prescribed formulas or words.
Many scholars view that in prayer, especially obligatory prayers, one should use only the Arabic and avoid any other language. However, others allow it to offer supplications and reading phrases such as those you mentioned.
Having said this, I would like to state: Once you have mastered Arabic enough to read the prescribed portions of the Quran or the Prophetic duaas in Arabic, you may offer extra supplications in your language.
Allah Almighty knows best.
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