Hajj-related Fiqhi Issues (Fatwa Session)

Dear Brothers/Sisters,

Thank you very much for joining us in this Live Fatwa session. We would like also to thank our guest, Dr. Muhammad Salama, for answering the questions directed to him. You will find the answers of your questions below.

Tuesday, Jul. 23, 2019 | 02:00 - 04:00 Makkah | 23:00 - 01:00 GMT

Session is over.

Can a fifty-five-old woman make hajj without mahram?



Can a fifty-five-old woman make hajj without mahram? - About Islam

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

There are authentic prophetic hadiths that prohibit women from travelling without mahram. Muslim jurists unanimously extend this ruling of prohibition to the Muslim women’s travel for a voluntary hajj-pilgrimage.

 

As for the obligatory hajj, Muslim jurists have different opinions. The Hanifites and Hanbalites maintain the same ruling stipulating that a Muslim woman has to have a husband or mahram in her company.

 

The Malikites, however, allow her to travel in a safe and trustworthy company of women, whereas for the Shafi`ites the safe company could be of men as well.

They quoted in support of their opinion the narration reported by Adi ibn Hatim that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) asked him “Have you been to Hira?” Adi replied, “I haven’t been to it, but I was informed about it.” He said, “If you should live for a long time, you will certainly see that a lady in a howdah traveling from Hira will (safely reach Mecca and) perform the tawaf around the Ka`bah, fearing none but Allah.” [Al-Bukhari]

 

A good number of contemporary scholars subscribe to this second opinion; particularly with regard to aged women.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Did all the prophets make hajj?



Did all the prophets make hajj? - About Islam

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

As this issue belongs to the realm of the unseen past, the only way we can know about it is through divine revelation; that is, the Quran and the Sunnah. In one narration, Ibn Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) passed through the valley of al-Azraq, and he asked, “Which valley is this? They said, “This is the valley of al-Azraq.” He said, “[I feel] as if I am seeing Moses (peace be upon him) coming down from the mountain track and calling upon Allah loudly (saying: Here I am at your service!).” Then he came to the mountain track of Harsha and said, “Which mountain track is this?” They said, “It is the mountain track of Harsha.” He said, “[I feel] as if I am seeing Jonah (peace be upon him) son of Matta on a well-built red dromedary, with a cloak of wool around him and the rein of his dromedary is made of the fibers of date-palm, and he is calling upon Allah (saying: Here I am at your service, my Lord!.” [Muslim]

 

In another hadith the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have said, “Seventy prophets, including Moses, prayed in the Khayf Mosque [in Mecca].” [al-Tabarani]

 

Even Jesus will perform Hajj and/or Umrah by the end of time as reported by Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, Ibn Maryam (Jesus) will certainly pronounce talbiyah for Hajj or for Umrah or for both in the valley of Rauha.” [Muslim]

 

These are the authentic texts we have in this regard and we thus have to believe in them.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Can I authorize someone to do hajj on my behalf?



Can I authorize someone to do hajj on my behalf? - About Islam

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

A Muslim has fulfilled the required conditions for the obligation of hajj-pilgrimage may not deputize another one to perform it on his behalf. One may only deputize another if he is physically unable to perform it. It is noteworthy in this context that the deputy has to have performed hajj for himself first.

 

Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) heard a man say “Labbayk (always ready to obey) on behalf of Shubrumah. He asked “Who is Shubrumah?” The man replied, “A brother or relative of mine.” He asked “Have you performed hajj on your own behalf?” The man said, “No.” He said, “Perform hajj on your own behalf, then perform it on behalf of Shubrumah.” [Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Can a wife go to hajj without her husband's permission?



Can a wife go to hajj without her husband's permission? - About Islam

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

A husband may not prevent his wife from performing the obligatory Hajj-pilgrimage as long as she has fulfilled all the required condition. According to the majority of scholars, a husband does not have this right and becomes sinful if he prevents his wife from fulfilling the personal obligation of hajj.

 

But if a woman wants to perform a voluntary hajj-pilgrimage, then her husband has the right to prevent her; since his permission in this case is a must.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Assalamu'alaykum. I know women in Islam are told not to wear revealing clothes so it must not be tight. But a lot of us wear different fashion. And sometimes, certain parts are usually showing shapes. Such as hip, knees, shoulders, or even waist. Even though we are wearing skirts etc. If we want these to not show shape, I thought it would require us to wear abaya, an outergarment, or the like. But I think it would be difficult and restricting to some of us. What is your opinion on this? May Allaah reward you.



Muslim attire - About Islam

Wa alaykum assalamu warahmatullah wabarakatuh

 

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

A true Muslim submits completely to the commands of Allah believing that they are meant for his/her wellbeing in this world. A true Muslim is a servant to Allah alone, and this is what gives him/her the real sense of freedom. Unfortunately, many people, including Muslims, have regarded modern fashion as a deity to which they blindly submit themselves. They disdain to obey the commands of their Lord because they restrict their freedom, as they think; but they willingly enslave themselves to the dictates of fashions.

A Muslim woman has to be proud of her religion and its teachings of decency, chastity, and bashfulness. The Islamic code of dress does not require a Muslim woman to wear a specific kind of garment. She is only prohibited to wear such clothes that are revealing, shaping her body, or eye-catching. Many Muslim female workers, students, etc. observe these teachings and lead a very normal life. Allah makes things easy for those who want to please Him.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Assalamu alaikum shaikh, is mahr considered monetary value or price of women? Or husband buys wife by mahr? Can you explain it? Thanks..



Mahr - About Islam

Wa alaykum assalam warahmtullah wabarakatuh

 

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

In Islam, marriage contract is a solemn one. It is not a sale contract where one gives money in return for a commodity. If it were so, a husband would be entitled to sell his wife, as was practiced in some parts of Europe before.

 

It is not a compensation for sexual pleasure either, because, on the one hand, the wife also has a share in this pleasure. On the other hand, there are cases where a wife is entitled to full or half of the mahr, even if the marriage was not consummated. A woman divorced before the consummation of marriage is entitled to half of the agreed upon mahr as prescribed by the Quranic injunction “But if you divorce them before you have touched them [in intimacy], and you have already determined for them an obligatory dowry, then [give them] half of what you have already determined, unless they grant remission [of it], or the one in whose hand is the marriage contract grants remission [of it].” [2:237]

 

Moreover, if the husband dies before the consummation of marriage, his wife become entitled to her entire mahr.

 

Mahr is neither a pillar no a condition for the validity of the marriage contract, though it is an obligatory consequence as one of the wife’s rights.  Mahr serves to prove man’s seriousness and readiness for the solemn marital relationship.

 

It is also a kind of rightful gift as expressed in the Quranic verse that reads “Moreover, give the women [whom you marry] their rightful marriage present, unconditionally.” [4:4]

 

Besides, it provides a financial support for the wife and her family in their premarital preparations.

 

Only ignorance of the objectives of Shari`ah laws and rulings drives to such misconceptions and wrong conclusions.  

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Assalamu alaikum shaikh. I'm a female student from Bangladesh. Although Bengali is my native language I'm also comfortable with English language cause my University study is English medium. Personally I prefer learning religion in English language & also there are many authentic & sound sources of learning religion in English. Is it permitted for me to read fatwa, article, other good writing, counseling advice etc in English Islamic websites? Is it permitted for me to send question in those websites for getting fatwa & counselling advice? Or do I need to learn religion in native language or arabic language? I saw negative attitude about english language such as it is language of kuffar. I don't find it logical cause all language are created by Allaah & even language of pagan Arab was Arabic. Please kindly clarify.



English - About Islam

Wa alaykum assalam warahmtullah wabarakatuh

 

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

English, like any other language, is a means to communicate with and understand others. A Muslim may learn any language to acquire more knowledge and benefit himself as well as his community.

 

But Arabic is strongly recommended for non-Arab Muslims to learn. In fact, it is necessary to learn such an amount of Arabic that helps Muslim perform the rituals of worship in a valid way.  Arabic is the language of the Quran and the Sunnah and learning it is necessary for proper understanding of their texts and for studying the legacy of Muslim scholars which they authored in the service of their religion and its sacred texts.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Assalamu alaikum Shaikh.So my issue is something like this: I downloaded many Islamic books online for example some from Islam house, Islam way, muslim library and some other sites which provide books for free to download, now the problem is that I see there are some books which says 'This publication may not be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in whole or in part, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of ........ ' and there are books who don't say anything like that, so my question is if I am reading these books and also making my friends read them and I am not gaining any profit from these books, is it still not permissible for me to read them? Or its permissible to read as long as I don't make any profit from it?There was a book of OnIslam.net I tried to reach them but their site is down. then on Facebook they had recommended About Islam, i wanted to reach out to them to take their permission to read their books since that prohibition was in one of their books but they are gone.Kindly guide me in details, I am student who's trying to learn his Deen and like me there are many who can't buy ( order books ) and books are not available in our local shop and if it's available then it's very costy, so kindly let me know your response in detail. Jazakallahu khairan.



Online books - About Islam

Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

 

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

It is permissible to use these softcopies as long as you download them for personal use only, not for profit.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Assalamu'alaikkum, Even though I was born Muslim I was not practicing Islam properly/regularly for the past 20 years. I always knew Islam was the truth and somewhere in my heart I wanted to be a true follower of Islam but despite my numerous efforts at different times I always ended up on the wrong side, and it created an emotion inside me which made me feel as if Allah doesn't need/like me. I have committed too many sins that now I feel as if It might be too late to return, But still, I'm trying to find my way back into Islam, I have restricted myself from the sins that I kept on repeating earlier but now I no longer feel connected to Allah/Islam. Seems like my dua is not getting answered and I don't feel that Allah will answer my dua. Even when I pray or make dua I don't feel connected to Islam, my mind keeps wandering thinking about all sorts of things, I get a feeling that all my prayers and are in vain. I feel very disturbed and lost, I feel as if I'm doomed and there is no hope.I also wanted to add that, when I was not following Islam I had done sins and wrong deeds that had caused pain and trouble to many others, I had heard that Allah won't forgive someone for his sin unless he seeks forgiveness form the person whom he had wronged. Even though I wish to do that and those people are still around I still can't go to them and ask for their forgiveness, it will make things even harder for me. I'm already going through a very hard time and asking forgiveness will just jeopardize everything. I sincerely regret what I had done in the past and I wish I had not done it. Does it mean that Allah won't forgive me for what I did? Is that it for me? Am I doomed?Please help me



Ask Scholar - Seeking forgiveness - About Islam

Wa alaykum assalam warahmatullah

 

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

Never despair, brother. Allah is All-Forgiving, Mercy-Giving. In His holy Book, He clearly declares “Say, [O Prophet: Allah declares to humanity]: O My servants! Those [of you] who have committed [sins in great] excess against their own souls, never despond of the mercy of Allah! For, indeed, Allah forgives sins, one and all. Indeed, it is He [alone] who is the All-Forgiving, the Mercy-Giving.” [39:53] In another verse He also declares “Indeed, Allah will not forgive associating any god with Him. But He forgives anything less than this for whomever He so wills.” [4:48]

 

The door of repentance is always open for those who sincerely return to their Lord. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Allah, the Exalted, stretches out His Hand during the night so that those who commit sins by day may repent, and He stretches out His Hand in the day so that those who commit sins by night may repent. He keeps doing so until the sun rises from the West.” [Muslim]

 

It is the Satan that casts these whispers into your mind to drive you away from the path of Allah and make you feel despondent and downcast. You just need to keep knocking the door until it is open. Try to come closer to Allah through different kinds of worship. Keep reading the Quran with an open heart and contemplating mind. Clean your heart with the tears of regret and repentance. Be sure that Allah will never let you down.

 

Sincere repentance requires you to quit the sinful act, regret what you have done before, and resolve not to do it again. If you have done injustice to others, you need to remove the consequences of this injustice as far as you can. If you have taken someone else’s property unlawfully, you have to return it back. If you insulted or beat someone, you should ask him to forgive you, and usually people pardon and forgive. If you backbit him, you should only pray for him and ask Allah to forgive both of you.

 

The Prophet of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “He who has done wrong to his brother [in Islam] regarding his honor or anything else, let him ask his forgiveness today before the time when he will have neither a dinar nor a dirham. If he has done some good deeds, a portion equal to his wrong doings will be subtracted from them; but if he has no good deeds, he will be burdened with the evil deeds of the one he had wronged in the same proportion.” [Al-Bukhari]

 

Almighty Allah knows best.


Assalamu alaikum sir , if any female doesn't pursue education at all by showing cause that it is not possible for woman to have successful career after marriage & having children so she doesn’t see any point pursuing education,is it right approach according to Islamic teachings? She may misunderstand one point that her duties don't support her dreams,goals & personal growth. Even to the extreme that she may think aspiring own dream,goal & personal growth is something bad & haram for her.I really need to know precise Islamic rulings regarding this issue.



Education - About Islam

Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

 

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

 

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon His Prophet Muhammad.

 

Islam exhorts its followers to seek knowledge and to equip themselves with the required skills to serve their religion and community in different fields. A Muslim woman is not an exception in this regard as long as she observes Islamic teachings regarding her dress and conduct.

 

Education is important in modern times. Even if a woman plans to be a housewife, still she needs to pursue her education. Education will help her better raise her children and run her house affairs. Besides, future is unpredictable and under some circumstances such a woman may be forced to look for a job.

 

If a Muslim woman observes Islamic teachings and fulfills her religious, marital, and familial duties, there is nothing in the Shari`ah that prevents her from being a successful doctor, scientist, teacher, programmer, etc. On the contrary, a Muslim community needs educated and skilled women in different fields; particularly, where such women should deal with their fellow women.

 

Almighty Allah knows best.