General Fiqhi Issues Session

Dear Brothers/Sisters,

Thank you very much for joining us in this Fatwa session. We would like also to thank our guest, Dr. Muhammad Salama, for answering the questions directed to him. You will find the answers of your questions below.

Tuesday, Sep. 01, 2020 | 20:00 - 22:00 GMT

Session is over.

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Q:

I am applying for a Social media job. But I’m not sure if this is correct because we would have to put pictures of people however, women can be put on the pictures and many women may not have hijab, so is it forbidden for me to send images of women because of hijab. What should I do?

A:

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving

All praise is due to Allah alone; peace and blessings be upon Our Prophet Muhammad.

Social media has become a huge source of income for millions of people nowadays. But a Muslim has to be cautious and to avoid earning from any content prohibited by the Shariah. Of course, displaying images of women without hijab is prohibited by the Shariah. So, the questioner has to avoid it; or else part of his earning will be haram in proportion to the haram content displayed.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

Assalamu ‘alaikum. I go to my village occasionally. There is only one Imam for leading the followers in my village. Due to ignorance, the Imam believes that Allah is in everywhere. I know it well that it’s a very dirty belief. I will try to bring him back to the right faith , next time I go to my village. InshaAllah. But I need some time to do the work properly (after my going on my village). During this period I have to pray behind the wrong believed Imam. If I do not, this will hamper my work( bringing the Imam back to the right faith). Will my prayer be accepted? Do I have to perform the same prayer/Salah again if I pray behind that Imam?

A:

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving

All praise is due to Allah alone; peace and blessings be upon Our Prophet Muhammad.

This statement “Allah is everywhere” is used by many Muslims to refer to the divine omniscience. Indeed, Allah is All-Knowing, but as it could be misunderstood as implying pantheism, it should be avoided. Thus, if this imam uses this statement in reference to such a proper meaning, you just need to advise his to avoid it lest ignorant people might mistake it for a pantheistic belief.

“Allah is everywhere” is also used by some deviant sects to mean that the very divine entity is literally everywhere, which in essence is a pantheistic belief that is in utter contradiction to the Islamic concept of God. So, if this imam entertains such a pantheistic belief, you may not pray behind him and you should advise him to renounce this belief, if you can.

Still, many of those who say that “Allah is everywhere”, referring to the divine entity, do not actually conceive the pantheistic connotation of this statement and just use it to renounce the anthropomorphic belief that God is limited by space. In other words, they adopt a wrong belief in opposition to another wrong belief. Besides, they misunderstand some Quranic verses and ahadith and quote them in support of their belief.

This is why such Muslims are excused, although they need to be educated about the correct belief in this regard. Accordingly, if this imam belongs to such a category of Muslims, then you may pray behind him; particularly if he is not preaching this doctrine. But if he preaches it, then praying behind him is undesirable. Anyhow, you need to approach him gently, discuss the issue with him, and provide him with textual evidences from the Quran and the Sunnah along with scholars’ statements in this regard.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

I recently had an eyebrow transplant. My eyebrows were quite thin before so all I wanted was the doctor to increase the density where my eyebrows were already positioned. But instead he increased the thickness of the eyebrows above and below where they normally are. Is it permissible for me to pluck those eyebrow hairs out. And am I allowed to trim my new eyebrow hairs if I do not trim them they grow as how hair at the back of our head grows which will cause problems In the future. Thank you.

A:

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving

All praise is due to Allah alone; peace and blessings be upon Our Prophet Muhammad.

Eyebrow transplant is a kind of cosmetic surgery that is only permissible to treat a deformity, not to look more beautiful. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have cursed an-namisah, a woman who plucks other’s eyebrows, and al-mutanammisah, a woman who has her eyebrows plucked. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

According to the majority of scholars, it is not permissible to remove the hair of eyebrows whether by plucking or shaving.

According to the Hanbalites, however, it is plucking only that is impermissible, whereas shaving is not impermissible. This means that plucking is unanimously prohibited. Some scholars even included it among enormous sins.

However, shaping eyebrows by shaving or any other means is a controversial issue as mentioned above. Accordingly, if the eyebrow has a normal shape that does not make one look ugly or feel embarrassed, then one has to avoid reshaping it. If the thickness of the eyebrow is so abnormal that it makes one look ugly or feel embarrassed, one may remove the unwanted hair, according to the Hanbalite point of view.

Regarding your case, if your eyebrow hair grows so long that it causes problem for you, you may trim it, to remove such harm.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

Is it permissible to say, I am proud of my school, I am proud of my being a Muslim, I am proud of you (any one)?

A:

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving

All praise is due to Allah alone; peace and blessings be upon Our Prophet Muhammad.

It is prohibited to boast about such worldly merits and acquisitions as possessions, qualities, accomplishments, wealth, family, education, knowledge, power, or authority to show haughtiness and superiority over people.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “People should stop boasting about their fathers who have died, who are now but the coal of Hellfire, or they will be more humiliated with Allah than the dung beetle that rolls dung with his nose. Indeed Allah has removed from you the pompousness of the pre-Islam period of ignorance, and their boasting about lineage. Indeed a person is either a pious believer, or a miserable sinner. All people are the children of Adam, and Adam was [created] from dust.” (At-Tirmidhi)

It is permissible, however, to speak about Allah’s favors and blessings on oneself with such good intention as attributing these blessings to the Best-Bestower, correcting a wrong or bad image people have about him/her, or inviting people to follow one’s example.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “I am the master of the children of Adam on the Day of Judgement, and I am not boasting. The Banner of Praise will be in my hand, and I am not boasting. There will not be a Prophet on that day, not Adam nor anyone else, except that he will be under my banner. I am the first one for whom the earth will be opened for, and I am not boasting.” (At-Tirmidhi)

Some of the Prophet’s Companions spoke of Allah’s favors on them as well. Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas said: I was the first one to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah. Ali ibn Abu Talib said: It is the Prophet’s covenant to me that none loves me but a believer and none hats me but a hypocrite.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

What is the permissibility of opening two different jumma at mosque at the same place near to each other?

A:

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

It is undesirable to make two jama`ah (congregational prayers) at the same time in the same place, for this sows the seeds of division and schism. Those who initiate a second jama`ah in the presence of the first one will be sinful, if they intend thereby to bring about mischief; though their prayer is still valid. But if they initiate it only because they are unmindful of the first one, they are not blamable.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

Asslam aIaikum I have a question..I met one person who said that any imam or teacher of deen who get salary or hadiya for his work of deen is not true Muslim.

Wat is the opinion of scholars on it and is there any Hadith where it is prohibited?

And during the time of Prophet pbuh Sahaby RA tabaien and tabatabaien, how it was done.

Jazakallah

A:

Wa alaykum assalamu wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

Muslim jurists have different opinions regarding whether one may get paid for teaching  the Quran and Shariah knowledge or not. Those who prohibit getting paid for teaching Quran and Shariah knowledge argue that teachings these subjects is an act of worship and seeking nearness to Allah and one may not get paid such acts of worship. They quote in support of their view the prophetic warning to Ubadah ibn As-Samit who received a bow as a gift given by a man whom he had taught, among others, the Quran and came to ask the Messenger of Allah about it, whereupon he said to him, “If you like to have a necklace of fire on you, accept it.” (Abu Dawud)

But there are other reports that indicate the permissibility of receiving a reward or a recompense for the Quran. In one narration, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) married a man to a woman in return for teaching her the Quran as her dowry [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

In another narration, some of the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) passed by some people staying at a place where there was water, and one of those people was stung by a scorpion. A man from those people came and said to the Companions of the Prophet, “Is there anyone among you who can do ruqya (treatment by invocation) as near that water there is a person who was stung by a scorpion.” So, one of the Prophet’s Companions went to him and recited Surat-al-Fatiha for a sheep as his fees. The patient got cured and the man brought the sheep to his companions who disliked that and said, “You have taken wages for reciting Allah’s Book!” When they arrived at Medina, they said, “O Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him)! [This person] took a payment for [reciting] Allah’s Book” On that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “The most worthy thing for which you may receive a payment is the Book of Allah.” [Al-Bukhari]

Scholars took different positions in their endeavor to interpret and reconcile between these hadiths resulting in about five scholarly opinions that exchanged arguments and counterarguments in their debate on the issue. However, the strongest opinion, in my view, is that receiving payment for teaching the Quran and Shariah knowledge is permissible if one is in need for it.

Teachers, scholars, and academicians who dedicate their time and effort for teaching people deserve compensation in return and with good intention they will have a reward in the Hereafter as well.

An analogy could be drawn here with the case of the one who fights for the cause of Allah and after the war gets a share of the spoils. But if one is not in need for that payment, he/she should not accept it. This case could be made analogous to the case of the guardian of the orphan about whom the Quran says what means “And if [the] one [who is the orphan’s guardian] is rich, then let him abstain [from the guardian’s wealth entirely]. But if one is poor, then let him consume [of it only] in accordance with what is right.” (An-Nisaa’ 4:6)  

This opinion meets with the objectives of the Shariah, reconciles between different evidences, and is more suitable for our time. Otherwise, those who dedicate their times for teaching Shariah knowledge will spend greater time to earn their living and with time the number of these people will decrease leaving people in ignorance of Shariah knowledge.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

AOA, I have a question. is keeping dogs for companionship haram? Are dogs impure? If angels of mercy do not enter a place with dogs, why did Ashab e Kaif had a dog? If a dogs saliva is impure, why are we allowed to eat something hunted by a dog? 

A:

Wa alaykum assalamu wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

It is prohibited to keep a dog for no legitimate reason. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Whoever keeps a dog for any reason other than hunting or guarding one’s cattle or property will lose equal to two Qirat (a certain amount) out of his rewards every day.” (Muslim)

He also stated in another report that: “Angels do not enter a house where there is a dog or an image.” (An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah)

For these and similar prophetic reports the majority of scholars declared the prohibition of keeping dogs except for the reasons mentioned in the hadith; that is, for hunting or for guarding one’s properties. Obviously, the Companions of the Cave had a legitimate reason to keep the dog.

Regarding its najasah (impurity), it is the dog’s saliva that is najis (ritually impure), not its entire body, according to the most preponderant opinion among scholars. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) has taught us how to remove the impurity of its saliva from any object when he said, “To purify any of your utensils when it is licked by a dog you have to wash it seven time using soil in the first one.” (Muslim)

As for that part of the animal bitten by the hunting dog, the majority of Muslim jurists have divided into two groups in this regard: One group maintains that this bitten part becomes najis as well and must be purified by washing it seven time using soil in the first one.

The other group, however, opines that although the dog’s saliva is impure (najis), such impurity is pardonable in this case and does not have to be cleansed, because the Quran allowed Muslims to eat such hunted games dictating “So eat from what they catch for you.” (Al-Ma’idah 5:4)

Moreover, they support their view by referring to the practice of hunting with dogs during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) who did not issue a command to wash these parts bitten by the dogs. They further argue that the pardon given by the Sshariah in this case aims to remove hardship from people, which goes in conformity with the objectives of the Shariah.

Allah knows best.


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Q:

Assalamu Alaikum

I mastrubated , but didn’t know that it was prohibited, after I heard that it is prohibited , I swore to Allah to never do it again , but did it anyway, and several times that…I read somewhere that if u break a promise to Allah one is required to ask for forgiveness and make up for the sin by feeding/clothing 10 poor people or freeing a slave or, if unable to do these, to fast for three days. My question is , I only said “Wallahi I’ll never do this again” I only said that sentence once, so should I fast 3 days or should I fast 3+more days for doing it several times, or what should I do.. please help me.

A:

Wa alaykum assalamu wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

Masturbation is prohibited as inferred from the Quranic verse “the ones, moreover, who are ever vigilant as to [the chastity of] their secret parts- except [in associating] with their wives, or [with] whomever their hands may rightfully possess, for, then, they are not blameworthy; but whoever seeks [a way] beyond this, then it is they who are the transgressors.” (Al-Mu’mnun 23:5-7)

You need to repent sincerely to Allah and have strong resolve not to do this again. Part of this repentance is to quit all the practices that stimulate your desire, such as gazing at members of the opposite sex, watching explicit contents, etc.

You need also to keep your time busy with useful activities, because leisure time is a big opportunity for the Satan to incite you for evil acts. Attend congregational prayers, find religious friends, stay away from the internet as far as possible, try to memorize the Quran, practice fasting to break this appetite, try to serve your community through philanthropic activities, etc. These are just example of things that fill your time and keep you away from thinking about your appetite.

As for the oath you have taken, as long as it was only taken one time, then the atonement is to be paid only one time, unless you intended otherwise. The atonement is expounded in the Quranic verse that reads, “Allah will not hold you accountable for unintended vows in your oaths. But He will hold you accountable for what you have [intentionally]  bound yourselves to by oaths, the atonement of which is feeding ten indigent people with the average of what you feed your own families; or clothing them; or freeing a human being from bondage. But if one [of you] does not find [such means], then fast three days [instead]. That is the atonement for your oaths, when you swear [and break them].” (Al-Ma’idah 5:89)

Allah knows best.


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Q:

What does it really mean that a Moslem women accused of Zina or adultery needs to provide four witnesses from tg community that vouch for her piety?

A:

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

A woman accused of adultery/fornication is innocent until the accusation is proved by four eyewitnesses to the very act of sexual intercourse. Otherwise, the accuser is punishable by eighty lashes. A clear Quranic injunction dictates “As to those who accuse chaste women [of illicit sexual intercourse] who then do not produce four eyewitnesses [to the very act], whip them eighty lashes and do not accept  any testimony from them ever after, for it is these who are the ungodly.” An-Nur 24:4)

However, if it is the husband who accuses his wife of adultery and has no eyewitnesses, then both the husband and his wife have to engage in a process called li`an (mutual invocation of curse) as detailed in the Quranic verses that read As to those who accuse their wives [of adultery] while having no eyewitnesses but themselves, then the due testimony of each [accuser]  is to bear witness four times, [swearing] by Allah, that he is, indeed, of the truthful- while the fifth [testimony] shall be that the curse of Allah be upon him if he is of the liars. Yet punishment shall be averted from her  if she bears witness four times, [swearing] by Allah, that he is, indeed, of the liars- while the fifth [testimony] shall be that the wrath of Allah be upon her if he is of the truthful.” (An-Nur 24:6-9)

Allah knows best.


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Q:

No matter whatever sin (major or minor) someone commits, they have to take care of themselves, their health, their skin and other matters?

If they commit some sins related to exercise, like they looked at the part of the awrah which is to be covered, still can a person exercise after this?

A:

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

Islam commends its followers to lead a healthy life and have strong bodies. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “A strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than a weak one; though both have goodness in them.” (Muslim)

Sports and exercises are permissible for Muslims, including Muslim women, as long as they are practiced within Shariah limits and regulations. Generally speaking, such regulations include,

  1. No gambling shall be involved.
  2. No music shall be played.
  3. No religious duties shall be neglected.
  4. No animosity shall be incurred.
  5. None of Shariah prohibitions shall be violated (such as exposing or looking at other’s `awrah (body parts to be concealed)).

For Muslim women, in particular, they have to wear decent and proper Islamic dresses and to be in a place where no man can watch them.

Allah knows best.


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Q:


Assalmu alaikum wa rahma tullahi wabarakat, my question is about pronunciation of arabic letters. Ever since I was a child I was always taught to pronounce the letter “thaa” as “saa”, the letter “dhaal” as “zaal” and the letter “daad” as “zaad” I have heard some scholars say that this is incorrect as it alters the meaning, while others like my Mufti say it is fine. I wanted to know if I can continue to read like this or if I need to change my pronunciation of these letters. I have memorized all my surahs with this pronouciation and have been reading like this for over 10 years, and am finding it hard to go back and memorize them all again. Jazakallah.

A:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Mercy-Giving.

All praise is due to Allah. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad.

Arabic letters have their own pronunciation including the places and manners of articulation. Although classical Arabic is no longer spoken and colloquial dialects have spoiled the pronunciation of many Arabic letter, the recitation of the Quran stands unique regarding its strict observation of classical phonetic rules in addition to other rules – known as the rules of Tajweed. Allah says in the Quran what means, “And recite the Quran with a measured recitation.” (Al-Muzzammil 73:4)

Mispronunciation of Arabic letters produces different ones and often results in different words; that is why this is utterly prohibited when reciting the Quran.

Learning the correct pronunciation of Arabic letters is not as difficult as you think. It may take you some effort in the beginning, but you will get reward for that and with time your tongue will get accustomed. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “One who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’an is associated with the noble, upright, angelic messengers; and he who falters in it and finds it difficult for him will have two rewards.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Allah knows best.