Ask the Scholar About Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Dear Brothers/Sisters,

Thank you very much for joining us in this Fatwa session. We would like also to thank our guest, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, for answering the questions directed to him. You will find the answers to your questions below.

Q:

Assalamualaykum, I wanted to know if it’s permissible for women to wear jewelry over their hijab, without showing any skin, and is it permissible to wear jewelry on top of hijab for special occasions, like attending a wedding?

A:

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

Suppport AboutIslam.net

While women may wear jewelry inside their homes, they are not allowed to wear it when they step out of the house. Jewelry is considered an adornment, and as such Muslim women are not allowed to display it in public.

Allah says:

“And tell the believing women to lower their eyes and to guard their private parts, and to not display their adornment except that which is visible thereof.” (An-Nur  24:31)

Scholars have inferred the ruling from the above verse that Muslim women are not allowed to display their jewelry except in front of their husbands or close male relatives. 

Allah knows best.



Q:

I’ve taken Qula yesterday from my partner in the Presence of Qazi. After the documentation Qazi dictated a sentence to me and my ex-husband. The Qazi dictated the term Talaq in his sentence where he didn’t agree to use the term but then he said and the procedure completed. I want to know that, is there any way left for us to  reconciliate after using the term Talaq during Qula?

A:

According to the preferred view of scholars, khul` is considered as talaq initiated by the wife; however, in the case of khul`, a husband cannot take her back during the waiting period as it is considered a final divorce. Once the iddah is over, they may choose to remarry via new nikah.

So while he may not take you back during the iddah, he can definitely marry you through a new nikah. There is no need for you to marry another person and get a divorce from him for doing so.

Allah knows best.


Q:

How should we show love for Prophet Muhammad?

A:

Love of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is an integral part of faith. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “No one of you can be a true believer until I become dearer to him than his parents, children and all of humankind.” (Reported by Bukhari)

As for how to express our love for Allah and His Prophet, we find the following answer in the Qur’an:

Allah says, “Say, “If you love God, follow me, and God will love you and forgive you your sins. And God is Forgiving, Merciful.” (Aal `Imran 3:31)

So, the sure way of expressing our love for Allah (and His Prophet) is by following the Prophet (peace be upon him). In another verse, Allah says, “Indeed you have beautiful exemplar in the Messenger of Allah: for those who hope to meet Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much.”  (Al-Ahzab 33:21)

Now let us see how to express our love of the Prophet:

1) We can do this by learning about his excellent morals and character and putting them into practice. The Prophet’s way of correcting people was through his examples and role model. So if you are disturbed to see the Muslims behave, you should show them a better way of dealing with the situation, as the Prophet always acted positively in every case; that was why he could achieve what no one else could achieve.

2) Formulate a goal for your life. In the face of such negativity, ask yourself: what is one thing I can do that will cause a change? Don’t ask what others are doing since you have no control over others; you can only control yourself. So change yourself first. 

3) As a lover of the Prophet, you should be diligent in the observance of Prayer and other obligatory duties and stay away from the things that Allah has forbidden. So then, having done this, let the dhikr, duaa, and salawaat on the Prophet be your second nature.

4) Join those who work for disseminating the true Islamic knowledge and work for the cause of Islam.

5) Finally, follow the Prophet’s example of making common causes with all those who work for the betterment of the world and humanity.

With these objectives set in your mind and working towards it as your life mission, we can hope to gain the companionship of the Prophet in the next world. The Prophet said, ‘A person joins the company of those he or she loves after death.’ Allah says in the Qur’an:

Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, they are with those whom Allah had favoured, of the Prophets and the saints, favored martyrs, and the righteous. They are the best of company.” (An-NIsaa’ 4:69)

Allah knows best.


Q:

What is the role of imams and scholars on the occasion of the Prophet’s birthday?

A:

The arrival of the Prophet (PBUH) on the world scene was the most auspicious event. Allah sent him as a ‘Mercy for the worlds’.

His mission was meant to save humanity from the forces of destruction. Therefore, today as we are on the suicidal path of self-destruction, the world needs to embrace his message and show how to save us from imminent doom.

In his farewell sermon, the Prophet, peace be upon him, took a pledge from the Muslims to pass his message on to posterity. The responsibility for it falls on Muslims in generals and more especially on the leaders and scholars. However, the world harbors negative views about him and his mission, so it behooves us to mobilize our intellectual, moral, and spiritual resources to share his message. Words are not enough; actions and examples speak louder. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

1. Use the month of Rabi` al-Awwal to organize events and programs aimed at educating Muslims and non-Muslims by using the most effective methods;

2. We should enlist clean forms of art, music, and diverse forms of media and communication methods for the same;

3. Muslims throughout history were using the auspicious month for inculcating a true spirit of love and emotional attachment to the Prophet. It was thus a sure way of instilling in the hearts and minds and stirring up the streams of love; it helped unify the ummah and build the bonds of solidarity. Hence, Rabi` al-Awal became a herald of a new spiritual season to rekindle our love for the Prophet and celebrate his Seerah.

Allah knows best.


Q:

What is the exact date of Prophet Muhammad’s brith and death?

A:

 The consensus among Muslims has been that the Prophet, peace be upon him, was born in the ‘Year of the Elephant’, and it was precisely in the month of Rabiul Awwal, and it was on a Monday. However, as for the precise date, while most scholars put it on the 12th, some others place it on the 9th.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, was asked why he fasted on Mondays; he replied, ‘it is the day I was born, and it is the day I was entrusted with the mission of Prophet-hood. (Reported by Muslim)

Some prominent authors of Seerah, including Muhammad Khudri and Safiuddin Mubarakapoori, have endorsed the view of Mahmud Pasha, the famous Egyptian astronomer, that he was born on Monday, the 9th of Rabiul Awwal, which corresponded to the 20th of April, in the year of 571 CE, which, also corresponds to the year of the Elephant. He was born in the house of his uncle Abu Talib, in the valley of Banu Hashim (Cf. Muhammad Khudri Bek, Nur al-Yaqin, p. 9.)

As for the death of the Prophet, peace be upon him; there is consensus that he died on Monday, in the month of Rabiul Awwal, in the 11th year of Hijrah.

 Allah knows best.


Q:

What did the prophet teach about animal welfare?

A:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) was sent as a Mercy for the Worlds’. His mission of mercy embraces all of God’s creation, including humankind, animals, and the environment. The Quran and the Prophet’s sunnah stress that our relationship with the earth and its inhabitants is that of a compassionate shepherd; hence we ought to work for the welfare of all of God’s creation.

We must not engage in actions that would upset the balance and endanger our life and the life of other species on the earth.

The Prophet also left us with practical guidelines to foster animal welfare. He warned us against all forms of cruelty against animals and banned practices such as bullfighting, cock-fighting or game fishing, or hunting (simply as a sport and not strictly for food).

The Prophet said, “Fear Allah in the way you treat these mute animals: If you happen to use them for riding, do it only when they are healthy and able to bear the burden; if you use them for food, do so only when they are healthy.”

To stop cruelty towards animals, Islam also prohibited Muslims from eating animals tortured to death by strangling, choking, or mutilating them, pushing them from a cliff, etc.

The Prophet also taught us to be merciful while slaughtering animals for food to ensure that they are not tortured, thus allowing them to die with the least amount of suffering.

The Prophet also told us that we would be rewarded for even the most minor acts of kindness towards any living beings. Likewise, we would also incur punishment for acts of cruelty towards them. The Prophet’s words, ‘show mercy to those on earth: you will receive the mercy of the One in heaven.” (Reported by Tirmidhi)

He told the story of a prostitute who was forgiven for giving water to a thirsty dog licking dust out of thirst. (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

Inspired by the above teachings, Muslims throughout centuries set up endowments to render charitable acts of compassion towards animals, including cats and dogs.

Allah knows best.


Q:

How should Muslims make the best use of the Prophet’s birthday?

A:

While celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him), we must make sure to keep away from all expressions of excessive venerations and innovations. Instead, we ought to use the occasion to communicate the mission of mercy that the Prophet, peace be upon him, represented. Allah sent him as a mercy for the world; as such, we ought to show the world through our words and deeds how this message can bring peace, harmony, and compassion in today’s world.

Here are a few points to help us in our endeavor:

1. Opening our mosques and centers to welcome visitors from other faith communities and introduce them to the beauty of his message and life.

2. We ought to educate our children, youth, and adults on the spiritual and moral lessons of the Seerah; often, we focus on the military exploits of the Prophet, which would give them the wrong impression that his life was all about warfare and politics.

3. We may do well to celebrate the occasion through art, music, and stories so that we use it to help everyone connect with the emotional or experiential dimension of Islam.

4. Choosing specific themes from the Prophetic teachings such as animal welfare, environmental protection, or empathy for the poor and the weak and creating endowments for such projects would be innovative and highly effective ways of expressing our love for the Prophet (peace be upon him).

5. Last but not least, we ought to condition ourselves to invoke Allah’s blessings on him and pass this habit on to our children and future generations.

I pray to Allah to instill in our hearts love for Allah and His Messenger and honor us to earn his companionship in the next world. Amen.

Allah knows best.


Q:

It is permissible to say “Ya Muhammad” when we ask for help?

A:

Tawhid, or pure Oneness of Allah, is the core belief of Islam. That is why (in al-Fathihah) we pray a minimum of 17 times a day to Allah, “You alone, we worship, and from You alone, we seek assistance.” The Prophet, peace be upon him, taught this belief in his companions. Once he told Ibn Abbas, “Be Mindful of Allah, Allah will mind you….if you were to ask for help, ask from Allah alone; if you seek assistance, seek assistance from Allah alone.” (Reported by at-Tirmidhi)

In light of these and other clear evidence from the Quran and the Sunnah, we can readily conclude that we are not allowed to turn to anyone, including the messenger of Allah, for help or imploring assistance or protection. If we do so, that is shirk. That is contrary to the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

We may do well to remember that shirk is an unforgivable sin in Islam. So we must never harbor or condone such beliefs or practices.

Allah knows best.


Q:

What is the difference between a prophet and a messenger?

A:

There are two terms used in the Islamic sources, namely, nabi and rasul, which may be translated respectively as Prophet and messenger.

ANabi refers to someone who Allah inspires, whereas a Rasul, besides inspiration, is also bestowed a mission to preach or given laws. So every Rasul is a prophet, while not every Nabi is not a Rasul. We learn from a tradition attributed to the Prophet (peace be upon him) that there were altogether 124 thousand prophets, while there were only 315 messengers.

There are five Great Messengers mentioned in the Qur’an, namely, Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa, and Muhammad (peace be upon them all), and the Prophet Muhammad is the seal of prophets and messengers, after whom there is no other prophet to come.

Allah knows best.


Q:

Was the prophet created from light?

A:

There is no better way to describe the Messenger of Allah than what Allah tells us about him. Here are a few verses that introduce the Prophet and his nature to us:

“O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, and a deliverer of good news, and a warner, and a caller to ˹the Way of˺ Allah by His command, and a beacon of light.” (Al-Ahzab 33:35-36)

“Muhammad is no more than a messenger; other messengers have gone before him. If he were to die or to be killed, would you regress into disbelief?” (Aal `Imran 3:144)

“Say, “I am only a human being like you. It is revealed unto me that your God is one God. So whosoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him perform righteous deeds and make no one a partner unto his Lord in worship.” (Al-Kahf 18: 110)

The Prophet, peace be upon him, warned Muslims never imitate the Christians who venerated Jesus, peace be upon him, attributing to him divine qualities that befit only God.

The Prophet said, “Do not venerate me as the Christians venerated Jesus, son of Mary; I am only a servant of Allah and His messenger.”

Allah warns the Christians against excessive veneration of Jesus

“Say, “O People of the Book! Do not exaggerate in your religion beyond the truth, and follow not the caprices of a people who went astray before, and led many astray, and strayed from the right way.” (Al-Ma’idah 5:77)

The Prophet Muhammad, like all other prophets and messengers, is a human being; he is descended from Adam, who was created from clay.

There is no evidence in the sources (i.e., the Quran and the Sunnah) to support the claim that the Prophet was created from light. These are false notions introduced into Islam by those who wish to distort and dilute the pure Islamic beliefs.

The Prophet always warned his companions against all forms of hero worship. When someone addressed him saying: You are our Master, the son of our Master, he stopped him saying: ‘Don’t get carried away by placing above the status that Allah has placed me. I am only a servant of Allah and His Messenger.’ (Reported by Abu Dawud and others)

So, we must purge our faith from such erroneous beliefs and never commit excesses in religion.

Allah knows best.


Q:

Can I make duaa to attain the attributes of Prophet Muhammad?

A:

I pray to Allah to enhance our love for Allah and His Messenger.

By cherishing love for him and striving to manifest it in our lives, we can hope to join his blessed company in the hereafter. Emulating the beautiful examples of the Prophet is the sure way of expressing our love for him. The Prophet used to pray to Allah: “O Allah, even as you gave me a beautiful shape, beautify my character for me as well.”

So, striving hard to emulate the Prophet and praying to Allah to bless our efforts to beautify our character would be the best we can strive for. While saying this, we should remind ourselves that duaa in Islam goes hand in hand with work. That is another example that the Prophet set for us, which we often are inclined to ignore.

Now coming to specifics of Prophet’s character for us to seek to adorn ourselves, let me mention the following:

1. Pillars of Prophetic character include the following: His wholehearted surrender to Allah and constancy in remembering Him.

2. Other important character traits were his truthfulness, integrity, modesty, humility, empathy, compassion, standing up for truth and justice, and caring for others.

Allah knows best.


Q:

Can we donate the reward of our deeds to prophet Muhammad?

A:

May Allah implant in our hearts love for Allah and His Messenger. May He also honor us to join the company of His Messenger in the next world.

Allah tells us in the Quran that the Messenger of Allah is our role model and that we should follow him if we seek the pleasure of Allah.

So, there is no better way of enhancing our love for the Messenger of Allah than emulating his examples. That is the way his companions and the pious predecessors expressed their love for Allah’s messenger. Thanks to their perseverance in obeying Allah and His messenger Allah cites them as our exemplars and role  models:

“[As for] the foremost, the first among the Emigrants and the Helpers, and those who followed them with virtue, God is content with them, and they are content with Him. And He has prepared for them Gardens with rivers running below, to abide therein forever. That is a great triumph.” (Aal `Imran 3:100)

It was thanks to their genuine love for him they were ready to give their lives. Hundreds of them willingly embraced death.

However, we find no mention in the sources that the Prophet’s companions, including the foremost of them, were in the habit of doing good works and donating the rewards for the Messenger of Allah.  If it had been recommended, they would certainly not hesitate to do so. 

Therefore, we may do well to focus on working for our salvation. Since whether whatever good works we do, the Prophet is already guaranteed rewards; there is no need for us to do so. Furthermore, we believe that the Messenger of Allah is in the highest station of paradise. Therefore, for us to think that he needs our donation of good deeds would betray our self-righteousness and therefore not befitting our respect for him.

Having said this, I would like to point out:

There is no better way of proving our love for the Messenger of Allah than witnessing the truth of the message through our words and deeds and offering salutations as Allah has instructed us:

“Indeed, Allah showers His blessings upon the Prophet, and His angels pray for him. O believers! Invoke Allah’s blessings upon him, and salute him with worthy greetings of peace.” (Al-Ahzab 33:56)

Allah knows best.


Q:

Asslamualikum!!! Most scholars say that it is haraam to talk with a non-mahram unnecessarily. For example, if I am sitting with a non-mahram with my family in a room and my intention is clean, would it be still Haram to talk???

A:

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

It is not haram to talk to a non-mahram casually or for business reasons as long as we do so without engaging in flirtatious talks or lustful thoughts.

Men and women used to talk and transact business in the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). They were everywhere: in the marketplace, in the mosque, in the battlefield, and yet no one said it is haram for them to talk as long as we keep our intentions pure and clean.

Of course, while doing so, we must abide by the ethical guidelines established in Islam, including wearing modest attire and keeping away from all mannerisms and actions that induce lustful thoughts.

Allah knows best.

Thursday, Oct. 21, 2021 | 18:00 - 19:30 GMT

Session is over.
DISCLAIMER
Views expressed by hosts/guests on this program (live dialogue, Facebook sessions, etc.) are their own and their appearance on the program does not imply an endorsement of them or any entity they represent.