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Al-Madinah: Names and History

Historical Glance

Taibah, Yathreb and Dar Al-Hijrah are different names to one city, Al-Madinah.

Al-Madinah (Arabic for the city) was so called as it received Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him when he fled Makkah in 622 CE.

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It is also known by the name Taibah derived from the Arabic word meaning kindness.

Another name it goes by is Dar Al-Hijra (Arabic for Land of Migration) because it is where the Prophet had migrated to.

The tribes of Banu Matraweel and Banu Hauf  were the first settlers to inhabit and cultivate the oasis of Madinah.

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Both tribes descended from the lineage of Shem, the son of Prophet Noah.

Many years later, the Yemeni tribes of Banu Aus and Banu Khazraj arrived at Madinah.

In 622 CE, when Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) immigrated to Madinah he introduced the Madinah Charter, which is in fact the first ever written constitution in the history of humankind.

The charter regulated relations between the Muslims and Jews who lived there.

It gave both parties the rights of protection, security, and justice.

Madinah was the center and capital of the Islamic Empire during the time of Prophet Muhammad and the first four Righteous Caliphs after him.

With the beginning of the Umayyad rule, the Islamic state was transferred to Damascus.

  • “Medina History.” Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. 18. 587–588.
  • “Medina.” Sacred Destinations. Accessed 18 Aug. 2010.