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Can a Woman Pray behind a Non-Mahram?

18 May, 2024
Q Dear scholars of Islam, As-Salamu `alaykum. At work when the time of prayer comes, I pray in my office. I have a Muslim secretary and she wishes to join me in prayer. I have been telling her to pray by herself and that we cannot pray in jama`ah (congregation). Am I correct, because I heard that it’s not allowed to pray in jama`ah with one non-mahram woman only?


Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger. 

In this fatwa:

In responding to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:

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It is not wrong for the Muslim sister to pray behind you in a room unless you are secluding yourself with her. There is no prohibition in the Shariah so long as we do not isolate ourselves with members of the opposite sex.

Prayer is the most excellent deed that we can perform and we should try to pray in jamaah as much as possible, for it is 27 times more rewarding than prayers done individually.

Thus, you ought to find a place where you can pray without being isolated with each other. But if there is no such place available and you would be forced to seclude yourself in a tight room, then you must pray separately.

Dr. Sano Koutoub Moustapha, Professor of jurisprudence and its principles at the International Islamic University, Malaysia, adds: 

Islam does not prohibit a woman to pray with a non-mahram man at all as long as the prayer is taking place in an open area. Accordingly, there is no harm for you to allow your secretary to join you in prayers if she wishes so.

Almighty Allah knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.