Wa` alaykum as-salamu warahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
You bear no sin for killing this pigeon and you are not obligated to pay any compensation.
In his response to the question, Dr. `Abdul-Fattah Idrees, a professor of comparative jurisprudence at Al-Azhar University, states:
Hajj and Umrah are so significant that a Muslim should be completely devoted to the noble goal that he/she is seeking; namely, drawing closer to Allah the Almighty through perfect and sincere performance of the ritual observances of Hajj.
However, to err is human. One of the great merits of this religion is that Muslims have been promised to be forgiven and exonerated for the unintentional mistakes they make due to their human nature.
Generally speaking, this pigeon is part of the game prohibited to be hunted while the person is in the state of ihram. However, as you mentioned in your question, you did not intend to kill it. The obligation of the compensation for hunting or killing game while in the state of ihram would have become due if this was done deliberately and intentionally.
Things are determined by intentions and purposes. Almighty Allah says: “And there is no blame on you concerning that in which you made a mistake, but (concerning) that which your hearts do purposely (blame may rest on you).” (Al-Ahzab 33:5)
Thus, Almighty Allah holds us accountable for what is determined and resolved in the heart to be made or done. Almighty Allah said concerning the obligation of compensation for killing game, “O you who believe! Do not kill game while you are on pilgrimage, and whoever among you shall kill it intentionally, the compensation (of it) is the like of what he killed, from the cattle…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:95)
Accordingly, you bear no sin for killing this pigeon and you are not obligated to pay any compensation.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.