Wa`alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Answering your question, we would like to state the following:
Fasting in Dhul-Hijjah
1- Abu Qatadah said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said; “Fasting on the day of Arafah is an expiation for two years; the year preceding it and the year following it. Fasting the day of Ashura is an expiation for the year preceding it.”(Reported by “the group,” except for Al-Bukhari and At-Tirmidhi)
3- Uqbah ibn Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The day of Arafah [for those performing Hajj], the day of sacrifice, and the days of Tashreeq are Eids (feasts) for us – the people of Islam – and they are days of eating and drinking.” (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and An-Nasa’i)
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.