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Basic Requirements of Hajj Tamattu

02 July, 2022
Q As-salamu `alaykum. I want to perform Hajj Tamattu, if Allah Almighty wills, on the seventh day of Dhul-Hijjah, i.e., Umrah followed by Hajj, exiting ihram in between. What should I say when I begin the rituals? Which is better, to shave the head or cut the hair after doing the Sa`i of Umrah? From where should I enter ihram for Hajj? Do I have to shave my head on the Day of Sacrifice, after stoning Jamrat al-`Aqabah?


Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

In this fatwa:

The one who enters ihram for Umrah, intending to follow it with Hajj Tamattu, can exit ihram, then he can go to Jeddah or elsewhere and enters ihram for Hajj.

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Answering your question, the Fatwa Center at Islam Q & A, states:

Hajj Tamattu means entering ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj – the months of Hajj are Shawwal, Dhul-Qidah and Dhul-Hijjah – so when entering ihram for it, one should say, “Labbayk umratan (Here I am for Umrah).”

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said, describing Umrah of Tammatu,

“When the pilgrim reaches the miqat, he should do ghusl as in the case of janabah (ritual impurity), and apply the best perfume he can find to his head and beard, then put on the ihram garments, an izar (lower garment) and rida (upper garment); it is preferable for them to be white and clean. Then he should say, “LabbaykUmratan (Here I am for Umrah).”

There is no need for him to say that he is connecting it to Hajj, exiting ihram in between, because he has already formed the intention in his heart that he is going to perform Hajj. So he should say,

Labbayk UmratanLabbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamdw a’l-ni`mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak.

(Here I am for Umrah. Here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise and blessings are Yours, and all sovereignty, You have no partner).”

Men should raise their voices when saying this, and it should be understood that no tree, rock or brick hears him but it will testify on the Day of Resurrection that he said this Talbiyah.

What the Talbiyah means is responding to Allah Almighty because the word “labbayka” means: I am responding to You. He should continue reciting the Talbiyah until he begins the Tawaaf of Umrah.

When he reaches Makkah, he should do Tawaf and Sa`i for `Umrah, shave or cut his hair, and take off his ihram. Then on the day of At-Tarwiyah, the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah, he should enter ihram for Hajj only and do all the actions of Hajj. So, the one who intends Tamattu`Hajj performs a complete Umrah and a complete Hajj.” (Al-Liqa’ ash-Shahri)

The one who is performing Hajj Tamattu enters ihram on the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah from the place where he is staying. When he enters ihram for Hajj, he does the same as he did when he entered ihram for Umrah, doing ghusl and putting on perfume. So he should form the intention to enter ihram for Hajj and say “Labbayka Hajjan (here I am for Hajj)”, then recite the well-known Talbiyah.

The scholars of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas said:

“With regard to the one who enters ihram for `Umrah from the miqat, intending to follow it with Hajj Tamattu`, when he has done `Umrah, he should exit ihram. There is nothing wrong with him going to Jeddah or elsewhere, and then entering ihram for Hajj from the place where he is staying after doing `Umrah.” (Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Da’imah, vol. 2, 10/76-77)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“What is prescribed for the pilgrim who is not in ihram is to enter ihram on the day of at-Tarwiyah from the place where he is, whether he is inside or outside Makkah, or in Mina, because the Prophet (peace and blessingsbe upon him) instructed those who had exited ihram after `Umrah to enter ihram for Hajj on the day of at-Tarwiyah from the places where they were staying.” (Majmu` Fatawa IbnBaaz, 16/140)

As you are going to do Umrah on the seventh day (of Dhul-Hijjah), you should cut your hair after finishing Umrah, and not shave your head, so that some of your hair will remain for you to shave during Hajj.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) instructed his companions, during the Farewell Pilgrimage, to cut their hair, because their arrival was on the morning of the fourth day of Dhul-Hijjah. This indicates that cutting the hair in this situation is preferable to shaving, and it is better so that the head can be shaved during Hajj.

The actions on the Day of Sacrifice for the pilgrim who is doing Tamattu are, in order: stoning Jamrat al-Aqabah, offering the sacrifice, shaving the head or cutting the hair, Tawaf al-ifadah and Sa`i.

This is the best way, because this is what the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) did. If the pilgrim does some of them earlier and others later, or he does some of them after the Day of Sacrifice, there is nothing wrong with that.

The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is permissible to delay shaving the head until the last of the days of Tashreeq, but if the pilgrim delays it any longer than that, then he must offer a compensatory sacrifice, according to some scholars. (See al-Mawsuah al-Fiqhiyyah,10/12-13)

Allah Almighty knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.