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Can I Give Zakah to My Cousin?

06 May, 2024
Q As-salamu `alaykum. My mother gives a small portion of her annual Zakah to her mother's cousin. The cousin is a single female who is middle aged and has no parents. A few years ago my mother collected Zakah from a number of relatives so that the cousin could buy a small house for herself. The cousin does not have a job. Recently, when my mother was preparing to give the cousin Zakah, my mother's aunt said that the cousin is not eligible to receive so much because the cousin has nephews and niece who have moved in with her and two of them have jobs. But the cousin used to phone every week and ask for money. So, my mother gave her. We cannot verify the cousin's situation because she lives in another city and when we used to ask her when we could come and see her new house she used to make excuses. My mother felt that the cousin deserves the money as she is a single woman and has no brother or son to look after her, and that the money is barely enough to buy food each month. Now my mother is worried that would her Zakah be counted?


Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

In this fatwa:

  • The first people a rich Muslim should target with his Zakah and sadaqah (charity) are his relatives. But it the responsibility of every Muslim who pays Zakah to make sure that the recipients of this Zakah are really deserving it.
  • You should find a gentle way to make sure that your mother’s relative deserves the Zakah.

In his response to your question, Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf, Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, states:

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Of course, the worry is justified, you should be sure that your Zakah is given to a deserving person. The fact that the cousin is not married and has no son or brother is not sufficient. But also the fact that nieces and nephews moved in with her does not mean they spend on her.

You really should verify whether she deserves Zakah or not, maybe she collects rent from them which may supply her with sufficient income to remove her out of poverty. It is also possible that they do not care about her and they forced themselves on her, as a powerless woman, so she is still in need.

Allah Almighty knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.

About Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf
Dr. Monzer Kahf is a professor and consultant/trainer on Islamic banking, finance, Zakah, Awqaf, Islamic Inheritance, Islamic estate planning, Islamic family law, and other aspects of Islamic economics, finance, Islamic transactions (Mu'amalat). Dr. Monzer Kahf is currently Professor of Islamic Finance & Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Management, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Turkey