Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
In his response to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:
I commend you for your zeal to know the rules of your religion. I pray that Allah grant us all beneficial knowledge, humble hearts, and acceptable deeds, amen.
Coming to the question you have raised, let me state the following:
The gynecological exam you need to undergo for medical reasons will not nullify your fast, for it does not fall in the category of things that invalidate the fast. Fasting is obviously nullified by deliberate consumption, intake, or ingestion of food, nutrients, or drinks; sexual intercourse; induction of emission of semen [or, in the case of women, sexual secretions] through masturbation or other activities; induction of vomiting; cupping; onset of menses or bleeding of childbirth; or deliberate intention to break the fast.
The exam you have mentioned does not fall in any of the above categories. So you need not worry about going ahead with the exam.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.