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Can You Give Dawah to the Opposite Sex?

12 November, 2023
Q Respected scholars, as-salamu `alaykum. What is the ruling of giving dawah to members of the opposite sex? Did our Prophet or his Companions ever give dawah to women? Jazakum Allahu khayran.


In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

In this fatwa:

1- The basic ruling is that dawah includes all people including Muslims and non-Muslims and of course persons of the opposite sex.

2- However, when observing dawah with a person of the opposite sex, both parties should abide by the Islamic ethics and guidelines of relationship between both sexes.

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In his response to your question, Dr. Salah Sultan, president of the American Center for Islamic Research, Columbus, Ohio, and memebers of the European Council for Fatwa and Research, states:

Obviously Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) practiced dawah to all, humans and Jinn. There is no doubt that the Prophet gave dawah to women.

As for giving dawah to members of the opposite sex, the natural and ideal way is to start dawah with people from the same sex, and then you expand your circle. However, when the case involves men giving dawah to women, they must follow the following guidelines:

  • No khalwah (Arabic for: seclusion) is allowed.
  • Talks and conversations have to be serious and definite.
  • Women should not speak so softly that they can attract the opposite sex.
  • Dawah has to be done sincerely for Allah’s sake, and not for any worldly cause such as looking for a wife/husband.

Almighty Allah knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.