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Do Muslims Follow the Companions of Prophet Muhammad?

09 April, 2017
Q Should Muslim follow the companions of the Prophet as well as the Prophet?


Asalamu Alaikum,

Thank you for contacting About Islam with your question.

Dr. Shabir Ally addresses this question in the video below:


Aisha Khaja: So, Dr. Shabir, the question that we received is: must a Muslim know all of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

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Dr. Shabir Ally: No, it’s not a requirement for Muslims to know any of the companions for that matter.

But naturally a Muslim would want to know something about the life of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the people he associated with, those who were his family, his friends, his relatives, his close followers.

And in that vein, we would say that some of the most important persons among his companions are the ones who came to be known as the rightly guided caliphs after him, meaning the ones who took over the reign of succession of the leadership after the Prophet (peace be upon him) had passed away.

Aisha Khaja: So, do Muslims follow the lives of the companions closely as well, as close as they follow the life of the Prophet?

Dr. Shabir Ally: Yes, scholars look to the examples of the Prophet Muhammad, his companions as a good example. So, some of their actions may become precedent in Islamic law. Especially the verdicts that were given by Abu Bakr, and Umar, Uthman, and Ali.

These are known as the four rightly guided caliphs of early Islam.

Aisha Khaja: And to what extent are, I guess, lessons from them reflective of the lives that Muslims lead today?

Dr. Shabir Ally: Well, naturally Muslims look back to their lives as good, moral lives. and Muslims try to emulate and copy their life. So, typically in a Friday sermon, something may reference to the life or the lives of the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Omar’s inclination towards poverty, or more so, the other way: his acceptance of a state of poverty even while he was the governor of the Muslims, he was Amir ul Mumineen, the prince of the believers, and yet he lived the life of poverty.

That becomes now a model of service to community.

I hope this helps answer your question. Please keep in touch.

Walaikum Asalam.

Please continue feeding your curiosity, and find more info in the following links:

The Prophet’s African, Persian, Roman and Jew Companions

8 Children in the Company of the Prophet

Who Are the Prophet’s Companions


About Dr. Shabir Ally
Dr. Shabir Ally holds a B.A. in Religious Studies from Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, with a specialization in Biblical Literature. He also holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto with a specialization in Quranic Exegesis. He is the president of the Islamic Information and Dawah Centre International in Toronto where he functions as Imam. He travels internationally to represent Islam in public lectures and interfaith dialogues. He explains Islam on a weekly television program called "Let the Quran Speak". Past episodes of this show can be seen online at: