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Tag: Islamic Shari’ah

Admiral Zheng He

A Muslim Geographer You Should Know

We all know names of western explorers like Marco Polo, Ferdinand Magellan, Vasco da Gama, Columbus and others who have put their names in the history of ocean and sea exploration.

Al-Battani: the Trigonometrical Genius

Al-Battani (Albategnius): The Trigonometrical Genius

Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan Al-Battani Al-Harrani, known in the West as Albategnius, is considered the greatest astronomer of his time and one of the greatest during the Middle Ages. Al-Battani was born around 858 C.E. in Battan, a state of Harran, and was first educated by his father Jabir Ibn San’an Al-Battani, …

Islamic Golden Era’s Astronomers

Astronomers of the Islamic Golden Era

The list of prominent stars with Arabic names or those derived from Arabic is a long one. The reason is simple – they reflect the contributions of Medieval Muslims, from Baghdad to Granada, to our understanding of the stars and the planets. Almost as soon as they had established their capital at Baghdad in 762, …

Hunayn Bin Ishaq: The Great Scientific Translator

Abu Zayd Hunayn bin Ishaq al Ibadi ranks as the finest medical and scientific mind of the early Abassid era. Born in 809 to an apothecary in Al Hirah, Hunayn went to Baghdad to study medicine as a young man. There he enrolled in the earliest known private medical school in Islam under the direction …

Az-Zahrawi: The Great Muslim Surgeon

The 10th century saw the zenith of the Umayyad golden age in Andalusia. Under the leadership of ‘Abd ar-Rahman An-Nasir (r. 912-961) and his son Al-Hakam II, this dynasty established sovereignty over the majority of the Iberian Peninsula. The capital Cordoba developed into Europe’s greatest metropolis, a thriving city of half a million, where educational and …

Zamzam Water

Water: It Also Flows in Paradise

Allah created the heavens from its vapors (Surat Al-‘Anbya’ 21:30); yet we often devalue its healing powers. The prophet (SAW) advised us to “allow for one third food, one third water and one third air.” Science advices drinking at least 8-10 eight-ounce glasses of water a day. This including a glass ½-hour before and after every meal. …

Birds in the Quran: The Hoopoe

Birds in the Quran: The Hoopoe

The word bird is mentioned in the Glorious Quran 5 times and the word birds occur in the Noble Quran 13 times. Among the birds, the hoopoe (hud-hud in Arabic) has been specifically mentioned twice in Surat An-Naml, in the following manner: “And he sought among the birds and said: How is it that I see not the hoopoe, or …

Night Prayer and the Human Body Clock

The sleep-wake cycle of the pineal gland becomes disrupted as we increasingly eat, socialize and sleep not questioning the psychological and physical effects of our pre-occupations. In trying to keep up with the schedules of the day it becomes increasingly difficult to switch-off the problems of the outside world we take home affecting domestic commitments. …

Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen): Master of Optics

One of the brightest names in Islamic medieval sciences is that of mathematician and scholar Abu ‘Ali al-Hasan bin al-Hasan bin al-Haytham, known as “Alhazen” to the Western world. Born in Basra, Iraq in 965, he won repute there as a mathematician and engineer. He was invited to move to Cairo, Egypt by the Fatimid …

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