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4 Lessons From Chapter At-Tin (The Fig)

4 Lessons From Chapter At-Tin (The Fig)
Allah takes an oath, not by the names of the Prophets, but rather by symbols of their achievements.
By the fig, by the olive, by Mount Sinai, by this safe town, We create man in the finest state 5 then reduce him to the lowest of the low, except those who believe and do good deeds– they will have an unfailing reward. After this, what makes you [man] deny the Judgement? Is God not the most decisive of judges? (Quran 95:1-8)

1. Allah Honors His Prophets (peace be upon them) in Various Different Ways

Allah honors His Prophets and Messengers in their lives and even after their deaths. The mention of the Prophets in the Quran is itself an honor, as their lives and stories have been immortalized until the end of time.

Allah honors Prophets in different ways. He honored Jesus by giving him a miraculous birth, giving him power to cure the blind, the leper, and even to bring a dead man back to life among many other miracles. Allah also honored him to be raised up alive and return at the end of times.

Similarly, Allah honored Ibrahim by asking him to rebuild the Ka’bah. Ibrahim was also honored in that Allah saved him from burning and made his progeny a line of various Prophets and Messengers through Bani Israel and also through the Arab lineage of Ismael and our beloved Muhammad.

Allah honored Noah by asking him to make the Ark which saved the believers and destroyed the rejectors.

He honored Moses by speaking directly to Him and allowing him to part the Red Sea. The way Allah honored our beloved Messenger Muhammad is beyond the scope of this small article.

However, in chapter At-Tin Allah honors all of these five great Prophets— Naoh, Moses, Jesus, Abraham, and Muhammad (peace be upon them). Allah takes an oath, not by the names of the Prophets, but rather by symbols of their achievements.

Allah says by the fig,” and scholars of Tafsir say that the fig refers to a Masjid of Noah built upon Mount Judi. [1]

The olive refers to the land of Jerusalem and Bayt al-Maqdis [2] and thus refers to Jesus.

The mention of Mount Sinai is clear, as this was where Allah talked to Moses.

And the safe town” refers to the city of Makkah which is the symbol of both Abraham and Muhammad (peace be upon them).

Allah taking an oath using these symbols, and in effect with the lives of these great Prophets (collectively in Arabic called the Ulul-Azm) He is making a statement. Allah is taking the lives, message and legacy of the great Prophets and using them to be His witness to a great statement

2. Human Beings have been Created “in the Finest State

Allah takes four different oaths marking four symbols which refer to the five greatest Prophets to walk on the face of the earth. And putting the lives and the symbols of these Prophets as His oath, Allah makes the statement that human beings are created in the finest of states.

The Prophets, their lives and their characters are a testament to the fact that Allah has created human beings in their finest state, and a sign of the potential of good that Allah has put in human beings.

Allah also mentions in chapter Isra’:

… and we have honored the children of Adam. (Quran 17:70)

However, while Allah has created us in the “finest state” and also honored us, He has given us the free will to decide between good and evil, and that is where things go wrong.

3. Allah Honors Man, Man Dishonors Himself

While Allah honors man by creating him in the finest state, mankind dishonors himself by being sinful and disobeying the commandments of his Lord. And by disobedience and rebelliousness, man brings on himself humiliation in both this life and the next.

Allah says:

If he does not desist, We will surely drag him by the forelock, A lying, sinning forelock. (Quran 96:15-16)

Allah created human beings in the finest of states, and one of the greatest blessings of Allah upon human beings is the front of the brain. The frontal cortex, as it’s called in medical books, is the executive center of the brain, where decisions are made. And thus that part of the brain will be held, and as Allah mentions in this chapter:

… then reduce him to the lowest of the low.

4. All will Fall Except…

However, Allah is Ar-Rahman The Most Merciful, and He is also Arham-ur Rahimeen, The Most Merciful of those who show Mercy and He would just not let us feel depressed and staring at doom. Instead He always gives His slaves another chance. He lets us know that there is a way out of falling into the trap and being of the lowest of the low.

The answer is simple— believe in Allah, His Prophets that have been referred to, and do good deeds as Allah wants and as the Prophets have shown.

Do your best and Allah promises an unfailing reward. All we need to do is do our best to work on ourselves and do good deeds with faith.

Having done so, even if we fail, Allah will look at our efforts and our intentions, our faith and our actions, and judge based on that. And we can be safe in the knowledge that:

Is God not the most decisive of judges?

Source: Understand Quran.


About Raiiq Ridwan

Raiiq Ridwan is a Bangladeshi medical student at the University of Bristol, UK. He has a Bachelors In Arts in Islamic Studies at the Islamic Online University. He is founder of "The One Message". He’s certified life coach. He can write on topics related to Quran, dawah, depression, anxiety, achieving goals, productivity etc.

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