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All You Want to Know About Quran Revelation

All You Want to Know About Quran Revelation

How Revelation Came

`A’ishah, the Mother of the Believers, narrated that Al-Harith ibn Hisham asked the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him): “O Allah’s apostle. How is the divine inspiration revealed to you?” The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) replied,

“Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this is the hardest of all, and then it passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.” (Al-Bukhari)

The First Received Revelation

The first revelation that Prophet Muhammad received is the first verses from Surat Al-`Alaq:

{Read, in the name of Your Lord, who created, created man from a clot (`alaq). Read! And Your Lord is the most bountiful, Who taught (to write) with the pen. Taught man what he knew not. } (Al-`Alaq 96:1–5)

The Pause of Revelation

After the first message was received, revelation ceased for a certain period, known as fatrahin Arabic, and then it was resumed. While talking about the period of pause in revelation, Jabir ibn `Abdullah Al-Ansari reported that the Prophet said,

“While I was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the heaven. I looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the Cave of Hiraa’ sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I got afraid of him and came back home and said ‘Wrap me’. “

Then Allah revealed the following verses:

{O you who have wrapped up [in your garments]! Rise to pray in the night except a little, half of it, or lessen it a little.}

After this, revelation came strongly and regularly.” (Al-Bukhari).

The Second Revelation

The second portion of the Quran revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was the beginning of Surat Al-Muddaththir:

{O you wrapped up [in the mantle]! Arise and warn, and your Lord do you magnify, and your garments do purify, and uncleanness do shun. } (Al-Muddaththir 74:1–5)

Revelation Sent Down in Stages

The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years, and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation. There are a number of reasons for this, of which the most important are the following:

• Strengthening the heart of the Prophet (peace be upon him) by addressing him continuously and whenever the need for guidance arose

• Considering the Prophet’s well-being, since revelation was a very difficult experience for him.

• Gradually implementing Allah’s ordainments.

• Making understanding, application, and memorization of the revelation easier for Muslims.

 


About Ahmad Von Denffer

Ahmad Von Denffer was born in Germany in 1949. He is working for the Islamic Center, Munich, Germany. He has various publications in different languages.

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