The report is based on more than a dozen interviews conducted in the Cox’s Bazar region of Bangladesh with Rohingya refugees who had arrived from Myanmar since attacks on August 25th. BROUK interviewed six child victims, four rape survivors/victims, a man who was injured by a landmine and two adult civilians who were shot while fleeing their villages.
In this report, BROUK presents evidence of these crimes, including attacks on children, indiscriminate use of landmines, random firing on fleeing villagers and the use of rape. These accounts add to a growing body of evidence which points the finger squarely at the Myanmar security forces.
The Rohingya have been subjected to decades of persecution in Myanmar (also known as Burma). Since the era of military dictator Ne Win (head of state, 1962-1988) structural discrimination and violence have been normalized and enacted as state policy.
Among the more serious examples of chronic abuse that the Rohingya have endured since that time are rape, murder, extortion, forced labor, arbitrary arrest and the systematic restriction of basic human rights, particularly freedom of movement.
Such violations have occurred with impunity, having been documented for decades,21 particularly in the highly securitized northern part of Rakhine state where the majority of the Rohingya live in apartheid-like conditions.
The Burmese Rohingya Organisation of the UK (BROUK) was founded in 2005 to raise awareness of the plight of the Rohingya.
Over the past eight years, BROUK has been a leading voice for Rohingya people around the world, particularly for those in refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh and, more recently, for those displaced and facing grave humanitarian conditions and ongoing human rights abuses, particularly disenfranchisement and lack of citizenship rights, in Myanmar.
Human Rights Watch: “BURMESE REFUGEES IN BANGLADESH: STILL NO DURABLESOLUTION”May2000: https://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/burma/index.htm
Human Rights Watch: “Crackdown on Burmese Muslims,” July 18th, 2002 https://www.hrw.org/report/2002/07/18/crackdown-burmese-muslims
Fortify Rights:” Policies of Persecution” February 25th 2014 http://www.fortifyrights.org/downloads/Policies_of_Persecution_Feb_25_Fortify_Rights.pdf 9|Page