Is Zakat Al-Fitr Obligatory on a Poor Person and His Family?
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Is Zakat Al-Fitr Obligatory on a Poor Person and His Family?

Questioner

Kamil

Reply Date

Jun 13, 2018

Question

As-Salamu alaykum. A poor person supports his family which consists of his mother, father and children. `Eid al-Fitr is coming and he only has a saa` of food. Is Zakat Al-Fitr obligatory him and his family?

Mufti

Answer


Is Zakat Al-Fitr Obligatory on a Poor Person and His Family

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu waRahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.


In this fatwa:

Zakat Al-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim, whether male or female, minor or adult as long as he/she has the means to do so.


With regard to your question, we would like to cite the following fatwa issued by the Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas in Saudi Arabia:

If the situation of this poor person is as described in the question, then he should pay the sa` of food on behalf of himself, if it is surplus to his needs and the needs of those whom he is supporting on the day and night of `Eid, because the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Start with yourself and then with your dependents.” (Al-Bukhaari and Muslim)

With regard to his dependents, if they do not have anything to give in zakah on behalf of themselves, then they are not obliged to pay it, because Allah says: “Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope” (Al-Baqarah 2:286)

And the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “There is no sadaqah except for one who has the means.” (A-Bukhaari and Muslim)

And he (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “If I command you to do a thing, then do as much of it as you can.”

Allah Almighty knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.

Source: www.islamqa.info




About Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

The Standing Committee for Islamic Research and Iftaa' in Saudi Arabia

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