Zakah on Salaries: A Must?
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Zakah on Salaries: A Must?

Questioner

Ghada

Reply Date

Apr 30, 2018

Question

I want to ask about Zakah on the fixed income. Should I pay Zakah on my monthly salary?

Mufti

Answer


Zakah on Salaries

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger. 


In this fatwa:

According to the majority of Muslim scholars, salaries are not subject to Zakah, because the passage of one full lunar year from the day one acquires a nisab is a necessary condition for the obligation of Zakah.


In his response to your question, Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf, Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, states: 

According to the majority of Muslim scholars, salaries are not subject to Zakah, because the passage of one full lunar year from the day one acquires a nisab is a necessary condition for the obligation of Zakah.

Some Muslim scholars believe that salaries are subject to Zakah because that condition is not on all forms of what one owns and they also quote some incidences from the time of the Companions of the Prophet that may indicate taking Zakah on earned income (salaries and professional income).

This view is supported by the point that richness is not only manifested by how much one owns but also by how much one earns, and Zakah is on the rich. I go along with this view. However, according to those scholars, there are conditions for this obligation of Zakah on salaries:

1. Deducing personal and family expenses. These include any other expenses even for leisure and Shari`ah permissible entertainment

2. What remains after the above expenses should accumulate to a nisab for a whole lunar year.

The difference between the two views is not really big. This may be a surprise to some; but if we look closely, we will find that according to both whatever is saved is subject to Zakah.

The second opinion requires Zakah to be paid in the first year during the accumulation of savings while the first opinion only requires Zakah in the second year that begins on the day when a nisab is reached.

Almighty Allah knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.




About Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf

Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies

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