Giving Zakah to Adopted Child: Permissible?
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Giving Zakah to Adopted Child: Permissible?

Questioner

Anonymous

Reply Date

Jun 07, 2018

Question

My aunty is a widow and she has adopted an orphan child. Can my aunt's son give Zakah to her adopted sister?

Mufti

Answer


Giving Zakah to Adopted Child

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.


In this fatwa:

Your aunt may give her Zakah to a deserving adopted sibling (brother or sister) provided the latter is in the category of poor or needy even if the adopting person is her/himself not needy.


In his response to your question, Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf, Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, states:

Yes, a person may give own Zakah to a deserving adopted sibling (brother or sister) provided the latter is in the category of poor or needy even if the adopting person is her/himself not needy.

We must realize that Islamic adoption means taking care of a child, raising him/her within a family, educating, etc. but not legally making the child a son or daughter unless the adopting mother nurses the adopted baby from own breast for at least five full meals.

In other words, an adopted child remains stranger legally unless he/she becomes a nursing son/daughter.

Almighty Allah knows best.




About Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf

Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies

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