Are Savings From Salary Due to Zakah?
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Is Zakah Applicable to Salary Savings?

Questioner

Kamel

Reply Date

May 08, 2018

Question

Dear scholar, as Zakah is applicable when a year passes on a certain amount of money. In case if a person saves some money from his salary each month and at a time it reaches the amount of Nisab for Zakah, how will be Zakah calculated in it? The amount is not fixed and it increases each month. Should we calculate Zakah based on the amount having at the beginning of the year or the amount at the end of the year? How can we know that a whole year has passed on what amount? Looking forward to a detailed explanation. Thanks.

Mufti

Answer


Are Savings From Salary Due to Zakah

Wa `alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.


In this fatwa:

1- Zakah is the third pillar of Islam. It is considered a purification of wealth, and it is always related to prayers in the Qur’an; whenever you read (…Perform prayers…) in the Qur’an, it is followed by (…pay Zakah…).

2- It is also known that Zakah has special rulings concerning its time and amount of money. It is due when a Muslim owns the minimum amount due to Zakah (called Nisab), and is paid every lunar (hijri) year which is known in the Islamic Fiqh as hawl.

In his response to your question, Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf, Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, states:

The rule is to begin a year from the first time one has the nisab (the minimum zakatable amount of money). Once you determine your hawl (lunar year) by this criterion, you just go to the end of hawl. That is after 354 days and pay Zakah on all the money and other Zakatable items regardless of the date of each addition.

Don’t you notice that the Zakah officers at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to include all newborn camels and sheep in the total amount, even though they may be newly born?

Allah Almighty knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.




About Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf

Dr. Monzer Kahf is a professor and consultant/trainer on Islamic banking, finance, Zakah, Awqaf, Islamic Inheritance, Islamic estate planning, Islamic family law, and other aspects of Islamic economics, finance, Islamic transactions (Mu'amalat). Dr. Monzer Kahf is currently Professor of Islamic Finance & Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Management, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Turkey

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