In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
1- If you are using gloves, your ablution is valid. But if you directly touch a patient’s vagina, you are advised to perform wudu.
Responding to your question, Dr. Muhammad Salama, PhD in Islamic Studies in English and an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Islamic Science, Al-Madinah International University, states,
If you are wearing gloves or using other tools for the vaginal exam without directly touching the vagina, your wudu is still valid.
But if the skin of the palm of your hand directly touches your patient’s vagina, it is preferable to make wudu again to be on the safe side; because the validity of wudu in this case is controversial.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.