In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In this fatwa:
Sheikh `Atiyyah Saqr, the late head of Al-Azhar Fatwa Committee, states:
The prominent Muslim scholar, Sheikh Ibrahim Gulhum, the Imam in the Egyptian Endowments Ministry, adds:
According to the Maliki and Hanafi schools of Fiqh, talking during sudu is not recommended for a Muslim except to make dhikr or meet a need.
Wudu, in fact, is a prerequisite for the validity of some acts worship such as Prayer and circumambulation round the Kabah. So, a Muslim should preoccupy his mind with fulfilling its requirements so as to prepare himself to stand before Allah in humbleness and consciousness.
Therefore, I advise you, dear Muslim brother/sister, not to engage your mind in idle talk during wudu. Rather, you are recommended to let it focus on making dhikr.
In this context, Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I brought water to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) to make wudu. Then, I heard him say, ‘O Allah! Forgive my sin, may my house spacious, and bless my provision.’ I asked him, ‘O Prophet of Allah! I heard you pray Allah saying such-and-such.’ ‘Does this prayer leave anything (of good)!’ he replied.” An-Nasa’i stated this Hadith under the heading “What a Worshipper Says after Wudu”, while Ibn As-Sunni stated it under the heading “What a Worshiper Says During Wudu”. Imam An-Nawawi said: The two views are passable.
However, in his well-known book, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq holds a contrary view:
It is permissible to speak while performing wudu. There is nothing reported from the Sunnah that prohibits it.
Almighty Allah knows best.
Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.