Can I Work as Money Changer?
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Can I Work as Money Changer?

Questioner

Tamim

Reply Date

Oct 11, 2018

Question

As-salamu `alaykom. I would like to ask if Islam allows money changer business where a money changer changes a check from an individual like a check contains 10 thousand pesos has a charge 1% each check as service charge. Instead of going to an issuer bank they come to our office because we don’t practice three days clearing only that we charge 1% each transaction. Since my partner is the one who runs our office, she gives me half of the 1% she gains in every transaction she had. I want to know if Islam allows that kind of a business.

Mufti

Answer


Money Changer

Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.


In this fatwa:

Changing money (currencies) is permissible and cashing a check is also permissible as long as it does not contain interest.


In his response to your question, Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf, Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, states:

The business of money changer is changing one currency for another, like pesos for dollars or the reverse.

This is permissible provided both currencies are delivered at the same time of contract, i.e. hand to hand.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) cleared this requirement in a highly authentic Hadith.

The question is apparently about check cashing not money changing. Some money changers make also check cashing.

Check cashing for a small fee is permissible provided it does not hide interest for the three day clearance that you mentioned.

Accordingly, it seems to me that 1% includes an interest for the three days, looks like too much for simply helping the cashing of a check.

Cashing a check is a matter of sending a person to the nearest branch of the bank and getting the money. It may be for a fee that is equal to the cost of this action plus a small overhead charge, but certainly not 1% of the amount of the check.

If it is done against a fixed reasonable fee, it is not haram and if the amount of charge contains interest for these three days, this part of the fee is a prohibited riba.

Allah Almighty knows best.

Editor’s note: This fatwa is from Ask the Scholar’s archive and was originally published at an earlier date.




About Prof. Dr. Monzer Kahf

Professor of Islamic Finance and Economics at Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies

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